NVTL 2014.12.31 10K
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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, DC 20549
FORM 10-K
x
ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
  
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For fiscal year ended December 31, 2014
OR
¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                          to                         
Commission file number: 000-31659
NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware
 
86-0824673
(State or Other Jurisdiction
of Incorporation or Organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
9645 Scranton Road
San Diego, California
 
92121
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
 
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (858) 812-3400
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act: None
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:
Common Stock, par value $.001 per share
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes  ¨    No  x
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x No  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Website, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x  No  ¨
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer  ¨    Accelerated filer  x    Non-Accelerated filer  ¨    Smaller Reporting Company  ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes  ¨    No  x
The aggregate market value of the voting common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based on the closing price of the registrant’s common stock on June 30, 2014, as reported by The Nasdaq Global Select Market, was approximately $63,195,226. For the purposes of this calculation, shares owned by officers and directors (and their affiliates) have been excluded. This exclusion is not intended, nor shall it be deemed, to be an admission that such persons are affiliates of the registrant. The registrant does not have any non-voting stock issued or outstanding.
The number of shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding as of March 3, 2015 was 45,939,859.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of the registrant’s definitive proxy statement for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission pursuant to Regulation 14A are incorporated by reference into Part III of this Form 10-K to the extent stated herein.



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TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
Page
PART I
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
Item 1A.
 
 
 
Item 1B.
 
 
 
Item 2.
 
 
 
Item 3.
 
 
 
Item 4.
 
 
PART II
 
 
 
 
Item 5.
 
 
 
Item 6.
 
 
 
Item 7.
 
 
 
Item 7A.
 
 
 
Item 8.
 
 
 
Item 9.
 
 
 
Item 9A.
 
 
 
Item 9B.
 
 
PART III
 
 
 
 
Item 10.
 
 
 
Item 11.
 
 
 
Item 12.
 
 
 
Item 13.
 
 
 
Item 14.
 
 
PART IV
 
 
 
 
Item 15.
 
 
 
 


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Forward-Looking Statements
This report contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. You should not place undue reliance on these statements. These forward-looking statements include statements that reflect the views of our senior management with respect to our current expectations, assumptions, estimates and projections about Novatel Wireless, Inc. and our industry. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. We disclaim any undertaking to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in our expectations with regard thereto or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based. Statements that include the words “may,” “could,” “should,” “would,” “estimate,” “anticipate,” “believe,” “expect,” “preliminary,” “intend,” “plan,” “project,” “outlook,” “will” and similar words and phrases identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements address matters that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those anticipated in these forward-looking statements as of the date of this report. We believe that these factors include those related to:
our ability to compete in the market for wireless broadband data access products and machine-to-machine (“M2M”) products;
our ability to develop and timely introduce new products successfully;
our dependence on a small number of customers for a substantial portion of our revenues;
our ability to integrate the operations of any business, products, technologies or personnel that we may acquire in the future;
our ability to introduce and sell new products that comply with current and evolving industry standards and government regulations;
our ability to develop and maintain strategic relationships to expand into new markets;
our ability to properly manage the growth of our business to avoid significant strains on our management and operations and disruptions to our business;
our reliance on third parties to procure components and manufacture our products;
our ability to accurately forecast customer demand and order the manufacture and timely delivery of sufficient product quantities;
our reliance on sole source suppliers for some components used in our products;
the continuing impact of uncertain global economic conditions on the demand for our products;
our ability to be cost competitive while meeting time-to-market requirements for our customers;
our ability to meet the product performance needs of our customers in both mobile broadband and M2M markets;
demand for broadband wireless access to enterprise networks and the Internet;
our dependence on wireless telecommunication operators delivering acceptable wireless services;
the outcome of pending or future litigation, including intellectual property litigation;
infringement claims with respect to intellectual property contained in our products;
our continued ability to license necessary third-party technology for the development and sale of our products;
the introduction of new products that could contain errors or defects;
doing business abroad, including foreign currency risks;
our ability to make focused investments in research and development; and
our ability to hire, retain and manage additional qualified personnel to maintain and expand our business.
The foregoing factors should not be construed as exhaustive and should be read together with the other cautionary statements included in this and other reports we file with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the information in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in Part I of this report. If one or more events related to these or other risks or uncertainties materialize, or if our underlying assumptions prove to be incorrect, actual results may differ materially from what we anticipate. Unless the context requires otherwise, in this Annual Report on Form 10-K the terms “we,” “us,” “our” and “Company” refer to Novatel Wireless, Inc. and its wholly owned and indirect subsidiaries.


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Trademarks
“Novatel Wireless”, the Novatel Wireless logo, “MiFi”, “MiFi Intelligent Mobile Hotspot”, “MiFi OS”, “MiFi Powered”, “MiFi Home”, “MobiLink”, “Ovation”, “Expedite” and “MiFi Freedom. My Way.” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Novatel Wireless, Inc. “Enfora”, the Enfora logo, “Spider”, “Enabling Information Anywhere”, “Enabler” and “N4A” are trademarks or registered trademarks of Enfora, Inc. (“Enfora”). Other trademarks, trade names or service marks used in this report are the property of their respective owners.



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PART I
Item 1. Business
Overview
We are a provider of intelligent wireless solutions for the worldwide mobile communications market. Our broad range of products principally includes intelligent mobile hotspots, USB modems, embedded modules, integrated asset-management and mobile tracking machine-to-machine ("M2M") devices, communications and applications software and cloud services.
Our mainstream Mobile Computing Products currently support Long Term Evolution ("LTE") platforms and other major cellular wireless technology platforms as required by our global carrier customers. Our mobile hotspots, embedded modules, and USB modems provide subscribers with secure and convenient high-speed access to corporate, public and personal information through the Internet and enterprise networks. Our mobile computing customer base is comprised of wireless operators, including Verizon Wireless, AT&T and Sprint ; and other original equipment manufacturers, ("OEMs") as well as distributors.
Our M2M products enable devices to communicate with each other and with server or cloud-based application infrastructures. Our M2M customer base is comprised of transportation companies, industrial companies, manufacturers, application service providers, system integrators and distributors. Our solutions address multiple vertical markets for our customers including commercial telematics, after-market telematics, remote monitoring and control, security and connected home. We have strategic relationships with several of these customers that provide input and validation of our product requirements across the various vertical markets.
For the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, net revenues recognized from sales of our products were $185.2 million, $335.1 million and $344.3 million, respectively.
We were incorporated in 1996 under the laws of the State of Delaware.
Our Strategy
Our objective is to be a leading provider of intelligent wireless solutions. The key elements of our strategy are to:
Lead the Intelligent Mobile Hotspot Product Category. We invented and developed the MiFi® Intelligent Mobile Hotspot, a new category in wireless mobile data devices. In May 2009, the first nationwide commercial deployment of MiFi hotspots was launched by Verizon Wireless. In 2014, we announced certain software enhancements to the MiFi technology platform that allowed us to differentiate our MiFi family of products based on key performance indicators such as usage time, throughput and value added software applications. During 2014, we shipped MiFi Intelligent Mobile Hotspots to all three leading US carriers: Verizon Wireless, AT&T and Sprint.
Leverage Our Mobile Computing Expertise and Technology Platforms to Expand Our M2M Portfolio. We are leveraging our Mobile Computing technology expertise, such as cellular wireless engineering radio development and the MiFi® Intelligent Mobile Hotspot technology platform, to expand our M2M portfolio. This enables us to leverage our development efforts, improve time-to-market and expand our portfolio in key markets. In 2014, the M2M-grade MiFi Powered SA 2100, available for telematics and telemetry applications, shipped through our global distribution channels targeting a number of M2M vertical markets.
Broaden Our M2M Product Offerings. We intend to diversify and continue to broaden our integrated solutions and embedded module product lines for commercial telematics, after-market telematics, remote monitoring and control, security and connected home applications.
Enhance Our M2M Software Support Through Our Device Manager or Service Delivery Platform. Through our N4A™ Device Manager ("DM") and N4A™ Communication and Management Software ("CMS"), we enable our customers’ applications to support their specific business needs. Automotive vehicle data such as driver location, driving behavior, driver ID, vehicle status, and device status is gathered from our integrated products and delivered to our software applications or service delivery platform.
Align Our Mobile Computing Product Offerings With Key Carrier Customers and Distributors. Leveraging our expertise in delivering wireless broadband solutions, we support our key customers with innovation and product portfolio flexibility, enabling them to address both premium and value segments for their markets. Our products operate on the major wireless technology platforms, including Second Generation (2G) networks: GSM, CDMA, GPRS; Third Generation (3G) networks: CDMA2000® 1xEV-DO, HSDPA and HSUPA; and Fourth Generation (4G) networks: LTE, dual carrier HSPA+ and WiMAX.

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Capitalize on Our Direct Relationships with Wireless Operators. We intend to continue to capitalize on our direct and long-standing relationships with wireless operators in order to increase our worldwide market position. In the United States and internationally, we are working closely with wireless operators to provide the best mobile computing solutions and relevant M2M solutions to consumers and enterprise customers.
Leverage Strategic Relationships. We believe that strategic relationships with wireless carriers and enterprises that utilize mobile computing and M2M technology are critical to our ability to leverage sales opportunities and ensure that our technology investments address customer needs. Through strategic relationships, we believe that we can increase market penetration and differentiate our products by leveraging resources and knowledge including sales, marketing and distribution systems. We are also addressing new market opportunities through innovation with our strategic partners.
Continue to Target Key Vertical Market Opportunities and Penetrate New M2M Markets. We believe that continuing developments in wireless technologies will create additional vertical market opportunities and more applications for our products. Currently, we market our M2M solutions to key vertical industry segments by offering innovative solutions that are intended to increase productivity, reduce costs and create operational efficiencies.
Increase the Value of Our Products. We will continue to add new features, functionality and intellectual property to our products and develop new services and software applications to enhance the overall value and ease of use that our products provide to our customers and end users.
Acquire Companies that Accelerate the Growth of Our Business. We will continue to seek strategic acquisitions of companies in closely aligned businesses and technologies that will provide synergistic growth in revenue and profitability.
Our Segments
We operate in the wireless communications industry in the following reportable segments:
The Mobile Computing Products-segment includes our MiFi brand of Intelligent Mobile Hotspot devices, USB modems and embedded modules that enable internet access and data transmission and services via cellular wireless networks.
The M2M Products and Solutions-segment includes our M2M embedded modules, integrated M2M communications devices and our service delivery platform, the N4A™ DM and N4A™ CMS that provides easy device management and service enablement.
Historically, our business units have had their own management teams and have offered different products and services. The business units have been aggregated into two reportable business segments based upon the nature of the products or services produced, the type of customer for the products, the similarity of economic characteristics and the manner in which management reviews results, among other considerations.
Due to the restructuring activities, changes in executive management, re-assignments of responsibilities, product transfers between some of our subsidiaries and increasing synergies between our existing segments and the continued integration and consolidation of our mobile computing business with our M2M business, we are currently reevaluating our reportable segments composition.
For additional information on our segments, see Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements.
Mobile Computing Products
We have a growing portfolio of leading-edge technology solutions that enable data transmission and services via cellular wireless networks. In 2014, we launched new products in our line of MiFi mobile hotspots that provided multi-mode support for CDMA and GSM networks. On September 29, 2014, we launched the new Verizon Jetpack® Mobile Hotspot 4G LTE/XLTE MiFi® 6620L. The MiFi 6620L is the first Verizon Wireless Jetpack that securely connects up to 15 devices to the Verizon XLTE network supporting up to 20 hours of use on a single charge and in some cases more. The MiFi 6620L is global ready, supporting a number of bands for connectivity in over 200 countries.
Below are our major Mobile Computing product lines:
MiFi® Brand of Intelligent Mobile Hotspot is our flagship product. Introduced in 2009, it quickly became a leading brand in mobile communications. MiFi hotspots have gained acceptance as a standard connectivity option for Wi-Fi-enabled devices such as the iPad, Kindle, tablets, PCs, MP3 players, and gaming devices. MiFi hotspots function by connecting to a

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cellular-wireless network and creating a secure Wi-Fi signal that can connect to as many as 15 devices simultaneously. MiFi hotspots accounted for 69%, 74% and 72% of our revenue in 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
Our strategy for the MiFi platform is to innovate, focusing on ease of use, key performance indicators and value added features that take the device beyond just basic connectivity. Our MiFi 6620L securely connects up to 15 devices to the Verizon XLTE network supporting up to 20 hours of use on a single charge, and in some cases more. The MiFi 6620L is global ready, supporting a number of bands for connectivity in over 200 countries.
4G LTE Gateway branded MiFi Home™, available through Verizon Wireless and branded as the 4G LTE Broadband Router with Voice, is a wireless solution that supports both wireless voice and data. The wireless data support provides internet access over LTE and 1xRTT voice, which is software upgradeable to support high definition voice as VoLTE support becomes available on the carrier network.
Modems continue to be used to access wireless broadband networks. We originally introduced USB and PC-Card /ExpressCard® modems in North America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa and continue to provide advanced wireless access in the industry. USB and PC-Card modems accounted for 9%, 9% and 11% of our revenue in 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
Expedite® Embedded Modules are utilized in a wide range of computing devices, such as laptop PCs, netbooks, tablets and various other electronic products to provide wireless broadband access. Embedded modules accounted for 3%, 5% and 5% of our revenue in 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively.
M2M Products and Solutions
During 2014, we expanded our M2M portfolio significantly by adding additional technologies and features to our line of M2M devices and embedded modules to improve performance and strengthen the competitive advantages of our solutions. M2M products and solutions accounted for 21%, 11% and 9% of our revenue in 2014, 2013 and 2012, respectively. M2M product lines consist of the following:
MT and SA Integrated Solutions bring together essential elements for telematics and telemetry applications that service a number of vertical market segments. The telemetry solutions monitor, manage and provide two-way communication to mobile and fixed assets and the telematics solutions provide vehicle tracking and diagnostics, along with workforce tracking and management functions. We add value by developing solutions to meet the needs of specific customers, with a particular emphasis on select vertical markets including: transportation and logistics, usage-based insurance, security and asset tracking, digital signage, industrial automation and smart grid and remote patient monitoring. These solutions can be scaled from a small fleet customer to company-wide enterprise deployments. Our M2M solutions are programmable and can be customized to collect specific types of data as required by a customer. Combining the device with our robust N4A™ DM and N4A CMS platform, assets can easily be monitored, managed and reconfigured remotely from almost anywhere in the world. By combining the N4A CMS platform with the intelligence of the integrated M2M devices, customers will gain a solution that offers ease-of-deployment and superior, reliable performance in small and flexible packages.
In 2014, we achieved network certification for some of our advanced M2M solutions through Verizon Wireless and AT&T, in addition to certifications from a number of regulatory bodies including Conformite Europeenne (CE), Global Certification Forum (GCF) and PTCRB to operate in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.
N4A™ Software and Design Services include our N4A™ DM and N4A™ CMS and design services that we provide to other companies, primarily for asset management solutions. Our N4A CMS 4.1 platform is a next-generation service delivery platform that eases the development, deployment, and operation of asset-management applications. N4A CMS provides a standardized, scalable way to connect and manage remote assets and improve business operations. The platform is flexible and supports both on-premise server or cloud-based deployments and is the basis for delivery of a wide range of M2M services.
Enabler® and Expedite Embedded Module Solutions are integrated into various products or equipment so that those assets may communicate with other computers. These M2M applications enable back-end IT systems to send and receive data from remote assets. These modules are ideal for markets including but not limited to security, advertising, telemetry, POS, mHealth, AVL and AMI/AMR market segments looking for high reliability and a common design across multiple technologies. A common example is modules for smart meters that transmit data about location, energy consumption, and abnormal situations to an energy supplier for usage monitoring and billing purposes. In 2014, the Enabler module HS 3001 was recognized as a best in class smart merchandising solution through award-winning innovations developed by our partners, including an “Interactive Tap Handle” deployed by a leading American brewer designed to display dynamic messages and a Cellular Billboard Timer that enables outdoor billboard companies to operate their signs remotely.

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Customers
Our customer base is comprised of wireless operators, distributors, OEMs and various companies in vertical markets. Our tier-one wireless-operator customers include Verizon Wireless, AT&T and Sprint. Our M2M customer base is a mix across various verticals including customers such as RAC Monitoring Services, Telogis, Modus Group, Premier Wireless, Linear Technology, Vehicle Tracking Solutions LLC, Fleetmatics, DigiCore Holdings Ltd. and Nextraq.
We also have strategic technology, development and marketing relationships with several of our customers. Our strong customer relationships provide us with the opportunity to expand our market reach and sales.
Wireless Operators and Distributors. By working closely with our wireless operator and distributor customers, we are able to combine our expertise in wireless technologies with our customers’ sales and marketing reach over a global subscriber base, leading to an increased demand for our products. Our customers also provide us with important services, including field trial participation, technical support, wireless data marketing and access to additional indirect distribution channels.
M2M Customers. We believe the M2M market provides substantial opportunities for growth. M2M and smart-systems technologies are being integrated into a growing number of manufactured devices and machines, whether fixed, movable or fully mobile. We have a growing market presence in many of the high-growth segments of the M2M market, including commercial telematics, after-market telematics, remote monitoring and control, security and connected home. We expect to work with these customers to develop customized solutions that incorporate our software and other intellectual property, which will provide significant product differentiation.
OEMs. Our OEM customers integrate our products into devices that they manufacture and sell through their own direct sales forces and indirect distribution channels. Our products are capable of being integrated into a broad range of devices that utilize wireless-data capabilities. We seek to build strong relationships with our OEM partners by working closely with them and providing radio frequency, ("RF"), design consulting, performance optimization, software integration and customization and application engineering support during the integration of our products.
Strategic Relationships
We continue to develop and maintain strategic relationships with wireless and computer industry leaders such as QUALCOMM, Verizon Wireless, AT&T, Sprint, and major software vendors. Through strategic relationships, we have been able to increase market penetration by leveraging the resources, knowledge and technology of our channel partners.
Sales and Marketing
We sell our Mobile Computing Products primarily to wireless operators either directly or through strategic relationships, as well as to OEM partners and distributors located worldwide. Most of our Mobile Computing Products are sold directly by our sales force, or to a lesser degree, through distributors.
In order to maintain strong sales relationships, we provide co-marketing, trade show support, product training and demo units for merchandising. We are also engaged in a wide variety of activities, such as awareness and lead-generation programs, as well as product marketing. Other marketing initiatives include public relations, seminars and co-branding with partners.
We sell our M2M Products and Solutions primarily to enterprises in the following industries: transportation; energy and industrial automation; security and safety; and medical monitoring. We sell our M2M Products and Solutions through our direct sales force and through distributors.
A significant portion of our revenue comes from a small number of customers. Our revenues from sales to Verizon Wireless represented approximately 52% of our total revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014.
A substantial majority of our revenue is derived from sales in the U.S. See Note 13 to our consolidated financial statements for a discussion of our revenue and asset concentrations by geographic location.
Product Research and Development
Our research and development efforts are focused on developing innovative new wireless products and improving the functionality, design and performance of our existing products. Our research and development expenses for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012 were $34.3 million, $48.2 million and $60.4 million, respectively.
In both segments, we intend to continue to identify and respond to our customers’ needs by introducing new product designs with an emphasis on supporting cutting edge wireless data technology, ease-of-use, performance, weight, cost and power consumption.

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We manage our products through a structured life-cycle process, from identifying initial customer requirements through development and commercial introduction to eventual phase-out. During product development, emphasis is placed on innovation, time-to-market, performance, meeting industry standards and customer-product specifications, ease of integration, cost reduction, manufacturability, quality and reliability.
Our product development efforts leverage our core expertise in the following key technology areas:
Advanced Radio Frequency and Hardware Design. Advanced RF design is a key technology that determines the performance of wireless devices. We have specialized in 700/800/900/1800/1900/2100/2500 MHz and AWS designs for digital cellular, packet data, CDMA, HSPA, WiMAX and LTE technologies. Our expertise in RF, baseband, and firmware technology contributes to the performance, cost advantages and small size of our products.
Miniaturization and System Integration. Our expertise includes the integration of RF and baseband chipsets and printed circuit board, or PCB technologies. We will continue to augment our miniaturization technology, working to further reduce the size and cost of current and future products.
Software Development. We specialize in integrating and customizing 3G and 4G software to meet carrier and regulatory requirements. We supply end-to-end solutions to enable our customers to achieve a time-to-market advantage. This includes firmware that runs on a modem processor, drivers for various host operating systems, software development kits, modem-manager software that controls modem operation and server applications for over-the-air updates.
Embedded Operating System. We have developed an embedded operating system that runs applications on our mobile hotspot products and allows us to introduce innovative applications.
M2M Solutions. We have developed customized asset-tracking systems and service-delivery platforms that utilize advanced radio-frequency technology and specialized software that interfaces with the information technology systems of our customers.
Manufacturing and Operations
The hardware used in our solutions is produced by contract manufacturers. Their services include component procurement, assembly, testing, quality control and fulfillment. Our current contract manufacturers include:
Mobile Computing Products and M2M Products and Solutions
Inventec Appliances Corporation
Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
M2M Products and Solutions
Benchmark Electronics
These contract manufacturers are located in China and Thailand and are able to produce our products using modern state-of-the-art equipment and facilities and relatively low-cost labor.
We outsource our manufacturing in an effort to:
focus on our core competencies of design, development and marketing;
minimize our capital expenditures and lease obligations;
realize manufacturing economies of scale;
achieve production scalability by adjusting manufacturing volumes to meet changes in demand; and
access best-in-class component procurement and manufacturing resources.
We believe that additional manufacturing efficiencies are realized due to our product architecture and our commitment to process design. Direct materials for our products consist of custom tooled parts such as printed circuit boards, molded plastic components and fabricated metal components, semi-custom parts such as batteries and cables, as well as industry-standard components such as Application Specific Integrated Circuits, RF power amplifiers, flash memory, transistors, integrated circuits, piezo-electric filters, duplexers, inductors, resistors and capacitors. Many of the components used in our products are similar to those used in cellular telephone handsets, helping to reduce our component costs through the use of standard parts.

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Our operations organization manages our relationships with the contract manufacturers as well as other key suppliers. Our operations team focuses on supply chain management, quality, cost optimization, customer order management and new product introduction.
Intellectual Property
Our solutions rely on and benefit from our portfolio of intellectual property, including patents and trademarks. We currently own 30 United States patents. In addition, we currently have 21 patent applications pending.  From time to time, we also seek to have our patents registered in selected foreign jurisdictions. The patents that we currently own expire at various times between 2020 and 2031.
We have licensed software and other intellectual property for use in our products from third-parties, such as QUALCOMM. In the case of QUALCOMM, these licenses allow us to manufacture CDMA, UMTS, HSPA, EV-DO, and LTE-based wireless modems and to sell or distribute them worldwide. In connection with such sales, we pay royalties to QUALCOMM. The license from QUALCOMM does not have a specified term and may be terminated by us or by QUALCOMM for cause or upon the occurrence of other specified events. In addition, we may terminate the licenses for any reason upon 60 days prior written notice. We have also granted to QUALCOMM a nontransferable, worldwide, nonexclusive, fully-paid and royalty-free license to use, in connection with wireless communications applications, certain of our intellectual property that incorporates the technology licensed to us by QUALCOMM. This license allows QUALCOMM to make, use, sell or dispose of such products and the related components.
We have also licensed software and other intellectual property for use in our products from various third-parties, such as Ericsson and Siemens, allowing us to use the licensed intellectual property for the worldwide manufacture and sale of GSM-based wireless devices. We pay royalties in connection with such sales. The licenses do not have a specified term and may be terminated by either party for cause or upon the occurrence of other specified events.
We also hold a number of trademarks including “Novatel Wireless”, the Novatel Wireless logo, “MiFi”, “MiFi Intelligent Mobile Hotspot”, “MiFi OS”, “MiFi Powered”, “MiFi Home”, “MobiLink”, “Ovation”, “Expedite”, “MiFi Freedom. My Way.”, “Enfora”, the Enfora logo, “Spider”, “Enabling Information Anywhere”, “Enabler” and “N4A”.
Backlog
We do not believe that backlog is currently a meaningful indicator of our future business prospects due to the many variables, some of which are outside of our control, which could cause the actual volume of our product shipments to differ from those that comprise our backlog. Additionally, we sometimes have relatively short lead times between receipt of customer purchase orders and shipment of products.
Competition
The market for wireless broadband access and M2M solutions is rapidly evolving and highly competitive. It is likely to continue to be significantly affected by the evolution of new wireless technology standards, additional companies entering the market, new product introductions and the product pricing and other market activities of industry participants.
We believe the principal competitive factors impacting the market for our products are price, form factor, time-to-market, features and functionality, performance, quality and brand. To maintain and improve our competitive position, we must continue to develop new products and solutions, expand our customer base, grow our distribution network,and leverage our strategic relationships and investment in research and development.
Our products compete with a variety of devices, including other wireless modems and mobile hotspots, wireless handsets, wireless handheld computing devices and M2M wireless solutions. Our current competitors include:
wireless data modem and mobile hotspot providers, such as Huawei, ZTE, Sierra Wireless, PCD, LG Innotek, Samsung, Franklin Wireless and NetGear;
wireless handset manufacturers, such as HTC, Apple, Motorola, Nokia and Samsung;
wireless M2M solution providers, such as Sierra Wireless, Cradlepoint, Telit Wireless Solutions, Gemalto, CalAmp and Huawei.
We believe that we have advantages over each of our primary competitors due in varying measure to the technical and engineering design of our products, the broad range of customized solutions that we offer, the ease-of-use of our products, our ability to adapt our products to specific customer needs and our competitive pricing. As the market for wireless data solutions expands, other entrants may seek to compete with us either directly or indirectly.

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Employees
As of December 31, 2014, we had 240 employees. By segment, Mobile Computing Products had 196 employees, including corporate functions and M2M Products and Solutions had 44 employees. By function, we had 127 employees in research and development, 48 in sales and marketing, 30 in operations and 35 in general and administrative functions. We also use the services of consultants and temporary workers from time to time. Our employees are not represented by any collective bargaining unit and we consider our relationship with our employees to be good.
Website Access to SEC Filings
We maintain an Internet website at www.novatelwireless.com. The information contained on our website or that can be accessed through our website does not constitute a part of this report. We make available, free of charge through our Internet website, our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish this information to the Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC").


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Item 1A. Risk Factors
An investment in our common stock involves various risks. Before deciding to purchase, hold or sell our common stock, you should carefully consider the risks described below in addition to the other cautionary statements and risks described elsewhere in this report and in the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein. The risks and uncertainties described below are those that we currently deem to be material, and do not represent all of the risks that we face. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known to us or that we currently do not consider material may in the future become material and impair our business operations. If any of the following risks actually occur, our business could be materially harmed, and our financial condition and results of operations could be materially and adversely affected. As a result, the trading price of our securities could decline, and you might lose all or part of your investment. You should also refer to the other information contained in this Form 10-K, including our consolidated financial statements and the related notes.
The market for wireless broadband data access products and services is rapidly evolving and highly competitive. We may be unable to compete effectively.
The market for wireless broadband data access products and services is rapidly evolving and highly competitive. We expect competition to continue to increase and intensify. Many of our competitors or potential competitors have significantly greater financial, technical, operational and marketing resources than we do. These competitors, for example, may be able to respond more rapidly or more effectively than we can to new or emerging technologies, changes in customer requirements, supplier related developments, or a shift in the business landscape. They also may devote greater or more effective resources than we do to the development, manufacture, promotion, sale, and post-sale support of their respective products and services.
Many of our current and potential competitors have more extensive customer bases and broader customer, supplier and other industry relationships that they can leverage to establish competitive dealings with many of our current and potential customers. Some of these companies also have more established and larger customer support organizations than we do. In addition, these companies may adopt more aggressive pricing policies or offer more attractive terms to customers than they currently do, or than we are able to do. They may bundle their competitive products with broader product offerings and may introduce new products and enhancements. Current and potential competitors might merge or otherwise establish cooperative relationships among themselves or with third parties to enhance their products or market position. In addition, at any time any given customer or supplier of ours could elect to enter our then existing line of business and thereafter compete with us, whether directly or indirectly. As a result, it is possible that new competitors or new or otherwise enhanced relationships among existing competitors may emerge and rapidly acquire significant market share to the detriment of our business.
Our products compete with a variety of devices, including other wireless modems and mobile hotspots, wireless handsets, wireless handheld computing devices and M2M wireless solutions. Our current competitors include:
wireless data modem and mobile hotspot providers, such as Huawei, ZTE, Sierra Wireless, PCD, LG Innotek, Samsung, Franklin Wireless and NetGear;
wireless handset manufacturers, such as HTC, Apple, Motorola, Nokia and Samsung; and
wireless M2M solution providers, such as Sierra Wireless, Cradlepoint, Telit Wireless Solutions, Gemalto, CalAmp and Huawei.
We expect our competitors to continue to improve the features and performance of their current products and to introduce new products, services and technologies which, if successful, could reduce our sales and the market acceptance of our products, generate increased price competition and make our products obsolete. For our products to remain competitive, we must, among other things, continue to invest significant resources (financial, human and otherwise) in, among other things, research and development, sales and marketing, and customer support. We cannot be sure that we will have or will continue to have sufficient resources to make these investments or that we will be able to make the technological advances necessary for our products to remain competitive. Increased competition could result in price reductions, fewer or smaller customer orders, reduced product margins and loss of our market share. Our failure to compete successfully could seriously harm our business, financial condition and results of operations.
If we fail to develop and timely introduce new products successfully, we may lose key customers or product orders and our business could be harmed.
The development of new wireless data products requires technological innovation that can be difficult, lengthy and costly. In addition, wireless operators require that wireless data systems deployed on their networks comply with their own technical and product performance standards, which may differ from the standards our products are required to meet for other operators. This increases the complexity and might impact the timing of the product development and customer approval process. In addition, as we introduce new products or new versions of our existing products, our current customers may not require or

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desire the technological innovations of these products and may not purchase them or might purchase them in smaller quantities than we had expected.
Further, as part of our business, we may enter into contracts with some customers in which we would agree to develop products that we would sell to such customers. Our ability to generate future revenue and operating income under any such contracts would depend upon, among other factors, our ability to timely and profitably develop products that are suitable for manufacturing in a cost effective manner and that meet defined product design, technical and performance specifications.
If we are unable to successfully manage these risks or meet required delivery specifications or deadlines in connection with one or more of our key contracts, we may lose key customers or orders and our business could be harmed.
We expect to continue to depend upon only a small number of our customers for a substantial portion of our revenues. Our business could be negatively affected by an adverse change in our dealings with these customers.
A significant portion of our net revenues come from only a few customers. For instance, sales to Verizon Wireless accounted for 52% of our revenue in 2014 and 58% of our revenue in 2013. Our revenue could be materially adversely affected if we are unable to maintain currently-existing levels of business with any of our significant customers, including Verizon Wireless, and if we are unable to offset this loss fully from alternative customers. We expect that a small number of customers will continue to account for a substantial portion of our revenue for the foreseeable future and any impairment of our relationship with, or the material financial impairment of, these customers could adversely affect our business.
In addition, a majority of our current customers purchase our products pursuant to contracts that do not require them to purchase any specific minimum quantity of units other than the number of units ordered on an individual purchase order that might be issued to us from time to time. These customers have no contractual obligation to continue to purchase our products and if they do not continue to make purchases consistent with their historical purchase levels, our net revenue would decline if we are unable to increase sales from other existing or new customers.
In light of the limited number of leading wireless operators and OEMs that form our primary customer base, many of whom are already customers, it would be difficult to replace revenue resulting from the loss of any significant existing customer or from a material reduction in the volume of business we conduct with any significant existing customer. Consolidation among our customers may further concentrate our business to a more limited number of customers and expose us to increased risks relating to dependence on a limited number of customers; such dependence could adversely affect our operating results.
We have had to qualify, and are required to maintain, our status as a supplier for each of our customers. This is a lengthy process that involves the inspection and approval by each customer of our engineering, documentation, manufacturing and quality control procedures before that customer will place volume orders. Attempts to lessen the adverse effect of any loss of, or any material reduction in the volume of business we conduct with, any significant existing customer through the rapid addition of one or more new customers would be difficult because of these qualification requirements. Consequently, our business and operating results could be adversely affected by the loss of, or any material reduction in the volume of business we conduct with, any existing significant customer.
Any acquisitions we make could disrupt our business and harm our financial condition and results of operations.
As part of our business strategy, we review and intend to continue to review, acquisition opportunities that we believe would be advantageous or complementary to the development of our business. Based on these opportunities, we may acquire additional businesses, assets, or technologies in the future. If we make any acquisitions, we could take any or all of the following actions, any one of which could adversely affect our business, financial condition, results of operations or share price:
use a substantial portion of our available cash;
incur substantial debt, which may not be available to us on favorable terms and may adversely affect our liquidity;
issue equity or equity-based securities that would dilute existing stockholders’ percentage ownership;
assume contingent liabilities; and
take substantial charges in connection with acquired assets.
Acquired businesses may have liabilities or adverse operating issues that we fail to discover through due diligence prior to the acquisition. In particular, to the extent that prior owners of any acquired businesses or properties failed to comply with or otherwise violated applicable laws or regulations, or failed to fulfill their contractual obligations to customers, we, as the successor owner, may be financially responsible for these violations and failures and may suffer reputational harm or otherwise be adversely affected. Acquisitions also frequently result in the recording of goodwill and other intangible assets which are subject to potential impairment in the future that could harm our financial results. In addition, if we finance acquisitions by issuing convertible debt or equity securities, our existing stockholders may be diluted, which could affect the market price of

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our stock. Acquisitions and/or the related equity financings could also impact our ability to utilize our net operating loss carryforwards.
Numerous other risks of engaging in acquisitions include: difficulties in assimilating acquired operations, products, technologies and personnel; unanticipated costs; diversion of management’s attention from existing operations; adverse effects on existing business relationships with suppliers and customers; risks of entering markets in which we have limited or no prior experience; and potential loss of key employees from either our existing business or the acquired organization. Acquisitions may result in substantial accounting charges for restructuring and other expenses, amortization of purchased technology and intangible assets and stock-based compensation expense, any of which could materially adversely affect our operating results. . As a result, if we fail to properly evaluate acquisitions or investments, we may not achieve the anticipated benefits of any such acquisitions, and we may incur costs in excess of what we anticipate. Even if we do properly evaluate acquisitions or investments, we may not be able to realize the anticipated benefits of, or successfully integrate with our existing business, the businesses, products, technologies or personnel that we acquire, and our failure to do so could harm our business and operating results.
If we fail to develop and maintain strategic relationships, we may not be able to penetrate new markets.
A key element of our business strategy is to penetrate new markets by developing new products through strategic relationships with industry participants in wireless communications. We are currently investing, and plan to continue to invest, significant resources to develop these relationships. We believe that our success in penetrating new markets for our products will depend, in part, on our ability to develop and maintain these relationships and to cultivate additional or alternative relationships. There can be no assurance, however, that we will be able to develop additional strategic relationships, that existing relationships will survive and successfully achieve their purposes or that the companies with whom we have strategic relationships will not form competing arrangements with others or determine to compete unilaterally with us.
If we do not properly manage the development of our business, we may experience significant strains on our management and operations and disruptions in our business.
Various risks arise if companies and industries quickly evolve. If our business or industry develops more quickly than our ability to respond, our ability to meet customer demand in a timely and efficient manner could be challenged. We may also experience development, certification or production delays as we seek to meet demand for our products or unanticipated product requirements. Our failure to properly manage the developments that we or our industry might experience could negatively impact our ability to execute on our operating plan and, accordingly, could have an adverse impact on our business, our cash flow and results of operations and our reputation with our current or potential customers.
We currently rely on third parties to manufacture and warehouse our products, which exposes us to a number of risks and uncertainties outside our control.
We currently outsource our manufacturing to companies including: Inventec Appliances Corporation, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. and Benchmark Electronics. These contract manufacturers have operations in China and Thailand and, in 2011, severe flooding in Thailand caused damage to infrastructure and factories and affected our supply of products from our contract manufacturer located in Thailand, which constrained our revenue in 2011. If one of these third-party manufacturers were to experience delays, disruptions, capacity constraints or quality control problems in its manufacturing operations, product shipments to our customers could be delayed or rejected or our customers could consequently elect to cancel the underlying product purchase order. These disruptions would negatively impact our revenues, competitive position and reputation. Further, if we are unable to manage successfully our relationship with a manufacturer, the quality and availability of our products may be harmed. None of our third-party manufacturers is obligated to supply us with a specific quantity of products, except as may be provided in a particular purchase order that we have submitted to, and that has been accepted by, such third-party manufacturer. Our third-party manufacturers could, under some circumstances, decline to accept new purchase orders from us or otherwise reduce their business with us. If a manufacturer stopped manufacturing our products for any reason or reduced manufacturing capacity, we may be unable to replace the lost manufacturing capacity on a timely and comparatively cost effective basis, which would adversely impact our operations. In addition, we generally do not enter into long-term contracts with our manufacturers. As a result, we are subject to price increases due to availability, and subsequent price volatility, in the marketplace of the components and materials needed to manufacture our products. If a third-party manufacturer were to negatively change the product pricing and other terms under which it agrees to manufacture for us and we were unable to locate a suitable alternative manufacturer, our manufacturing costs could significantly increase.
Because we outsource the manufacturing of all of our products, the cost, quality and availability of third-party manufacturing operations is essential to the successful production and sale of our products. Our reliance on third-party manufacturers exposes us to a number of risks which are outside our control, including:
unexpected increases in manufacturing costs;

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interruptions in shipments if a third-party manufacturer is unable to complete production in a timely manner;
inability to control quality of finished products;
inability to control delivery schedules;
inability to control production levels and to meet minimum volume commitments to our customers;
inability to control manufacturing yield;
inability to maintain adequate manufacturing capacity; and
inability to secure adequate volumes of acceptable components at suitable prices or in a timely manner.
Although we promote ethical business practices and our operations personnel periodically visit and monitor the operations of our manufacturers, we do not control the manufacturers or their labor practices. If our current manufacturers, or any other third-party manufacturer which we may use in the future, violate United States or foreign laws or regulations, we may be subjected to extra duties, significant monetary penalties, adverse publicity, the seizure and forfeiture of products that we are attempting to import or the loss of our import privileges. The effects of these factors could render the conduct of our business in a particular country undesirable or impractical and have a negative impact on our operating results.
We might forecast customer demand incorrectly and order the manufacture of excess or insufficient quantities of particular products.
We have historically placed purchase orders with our manufacturers at least three months prior to the scheduled delivery of the corresponding finished goods to our customer. In some instances, due to the length of component lead times, we might need to place manufacturing orders with our contract manufacturers solely on the basis of our receipt of a good-faith, but non-binding, customer forecast of the quantity and timing of the customer’s expected purchases from us. Accordingly, if the actual number and timing of delivery of units that a customer orders from us on the subsequently issued purchase order differs materially from the number of units we contractually ordered our manufacturer to procure component parts for, we might be unable to obtain adequate quantities of components in time to meet our customers’ binding delivery requirements or, alternatively, we might accumulate excess inventory that we are unable to timely use or resell, if at all. Our operating results and financial condition have in the past been, and may in the future be, materially adversely affected by our ability to manage our current or finished goods inventory levels, and respond to short-term or unexpected shifts in customer demand as to quantities or our customer’s product delivery schedule.
We depend on sole source suppliers for some components used in our products. The availability and sale of those finished products would be harmed if any of these suppliers is not able to meet our demand and production schedule and alternative suitable components are not available on acceptable terms, if at all.
Our products contain a variety of components, some of which are procured from single suppliers. These components include both tooled parts and industry-standard parts, some of which are also used in cellular telephone handsets. From time to time, certain components used in our products have been in short supply worldwide or their anticipated commercial introduction has been delayed or their availability has been subsequently interrupted for reasons outside our control. For example, some of our product components are manufactured in Japan, which experienced a significant earthquake in 2011. Although our suppliers’ facilities were undamaged, some manufacturers experienced temporary suspension of production due to power outages. If there is a shortage or interruption in the availability to us of any such components and we cannot timely obtain a commercially and technologically suitable substitute or make sufficient and timely design or other product modifications to permit the use of such a substitute component, we may not be able to timely deliver sufficient quantities of our products to satisfy our contractual obligations and particular revenue expectations. Moreover, even if we timely locate a substitute part (or locate the originally specified component from a parts broker) but its price materially exceeds the original cost of the component, then our results of operations would be adversely affected.
Our failure to predict carrier and end user customer preferences among the many evolving wireless industry standards could hurt our ability to introduce and sell new products.
In our industry, it is critical to our success that we accurately anticipate evolving wireless technology standards and that our products comply with these standards in relevant respects. We are currently focused on engineering and manufacturing products that comply with several different wireless standards. Any failure of our products to comply with any one of these or future applicable standards could prevent or delay their introduction and require costly and time-consuming engineering changes. Additionally, if an insufficient number of wireless operators or subscribers adopt the standards to which we engineer our products, then sales of our new products designed to those standards could be materially harmed.

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Weakness or deterioration in global economic conditions could have a material adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition.
As a result of weak or deteriorating economic conditions globally, we could experience lower demand for our products, which could adversely impact our results of operations.
Additionally, there could be a number of related effects on our business resulting from weak economic conditions, including the insolvency of one or more of our parts suppliers resulting in product launch or product delivery delays, customer insolvencies resulting in that customer’s inability to order products from us or pay for already delivered product, an inability on the part of our customers to obtain credit to finance purchases of our products and reduced demand by the ultimate end-users of our products.
Although we continue to monitor market conditions, we cannot predict future market conditions or their impact on demand for our products.
The sale of our products depends on the demand for broadband wireless access to enterprise networks and the internet.
The markets for broadband wireless access solutions are rapidly evolving, both technologically and competitively, and the successful sale of related products and services depends in part on the strength of the demand for wireless access to both enterprise networks and the Internet. At times, market demand for both wireless products and wireless access services for the transmission of data developed at a slower rate than we had anticipated and as a result our product sales did not generate sufficient revenue to cover our corresponding operating costs. The failure of these markets to continue to grow at the rate that we currently anticipate may adversely impact the growth in the demand for our products and, subsequently, our overall rate of growth and as a result, our business, financial condition and results of operations may be harmed.
The marketability of our products may suffer if wireless telecommunications operators do not deliver acceptable wireless services.
The success of our business depends, in part, on the capacity, affordability, reliability and prevalence of wireless data networks provided by wireless telecommunications operators and on which our products operate. Currently, various wireless telecommunications operators, either individually or jointly with us, sell our products in connection with the sale of their wireless data services to their customers. Growth in demand for wireless data access may be limited if, for example, wireless telecommunications operators cease or materially curtail operations, fail to offer services that customers consider valuable at acceptable prices, fail to maintain sufficient capacity to meet demand for wireless data access, delay the expansion of their wireless networks and services, fail to offer and maintain reliable wireless network services or fail to market their services effectively.
In addition, our future growth depends on the successful deployment of next generation wireless data networks provided by third parties, including those networks for which we are currently developing products. If these next generation networks are not deployed or widely accepted, or if deployment is delayed, there will be no market for the products we are developing to operate on these networks. If any of these events occurs, or if for any other reason the demand for wireless data access fails to grow, sales of our products will decline or remain stagnant and our business could be harmed.
Third parties may claim that our products, or components within our products, infringe on their intellectual property rights. These claims may result in substantial costs, diversion of resources and management attention, harm to our reputation or interference with our current or prospective customer or supplier relations.
Third parties have in the past claimed, and may in the future claim, that we, or our customers or suppliers, have violated their intellectual property rights. Defending an infringement or misappropriation claim, for example, regardless of the merits or success of the claim, could result in our incurring substantial legal and other costs. These claims could also divert our engineering and other human resources and management attention and cause harm to our reputation. These claims can be difficult and costly to assess and defend. A successful infringement claim related to our products could result in, among other things, our becoming liable for damages and litigation costs or unexpected and costly engineering changes to affected products.
In addition, any finding that our products infringe (or in some instances, our customer’s reasonable conclusion that a bona fide infringement claim is likely to be made with respect to such products) could have other negative consequences. Those consequences could include prohibiting us from further use of the intellectual property, causing us to have to modify our product design, if possible, so it does not infringe, or causing us to have to license the intellectual property at issue, incurring licensing fees, some of which could be retroactive. Upon a finding of infringement, we or one of our suppliers may also have to develop a non-infringing alternative, which, if available, could be costly and delay or prevent sales of affected products.
A number of putative patent infringement claims have been filed by various plaintiffs in a number of U.S. District Courts against us and/or numerous third parties, some of whom are our customers. These cases generally allege that the defendants’ use, sale and importation of specified products and/or processes constitutes infringement of certain U.S. patents allegedly

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owned or exclusively licensed by each plaintiff. Under certain circumstances, we may have an obligation to indemnify and/or defend our customers against these lawsuits.
Our business depends on our continued ability to license necessary third-party technology, which we may not be able to do on commercially competitive terms, if at all.
We license technology from third parties for the development of our products. We have licensed from third parties, such as QUALCOMM, software, patents and other intellectual property for use in our products and from time to time we may elect or be required to license additional intellectual property. There can be no assurance that we will be able to maintain our third-party licenses or that these licenses or the technologies that are the subject of these licenses will not be the subject of dispute or litigation, or that additional third-party licenses will be available to us on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. The inability to maintain or obtain third-party licenses required for our products or to develop new products and product enhancements could require us to seek to obtain substitute technology of lower quality or performance standards, if such exists, or at greater cost, which could seriously harm our competitive position, revenue and prospects.
Our products, including our proprietary or third party software contained in our products, may contain errors or defects, which could prevent or decrease their market acceptance and lead to unanticipated costs or other adverse business consequences.
Our products are technologically complex and must meet stringent industry, regulatory and customer requirements. We must develop our hardware and software products quickly to keep pace with the rapidly changing and technologically advanced wireless communications market. Products as sophisticated as ours may contain undetected errors or defects, especially when first introduced or when new models or versions are released. Our products may not be free from errors or defects at the time commercial shipments have begun, which could result in the rejection of our products, the loss of an existing or potential customer or the failure to obtain one, damage to our reputation, lost revenue, diverted development resources, increased customer service and support costs, unanticipated warranty claims, and the payment of monetary damages to our customers. Furthermore, correcting problems could require additional capital expenditures, result in increased design and development costs, and force us to divert resources from other efforts. Failure to remediate problems could result in lost revenue, harm our reputation, and lead to costly warranty or other legal claims against us by our customers, and could have a material adverse impact on our financial condition and operating results.
Product liability, product replacement, or recall costs could adversely affect our business and financial performance.
We are subject to product liability and product recall claims if any of our products and services are alleged to have resulted in injury to persons or damage to property. If any of our products proves to be defective, we may need to recall and/or redesign them. In addition, any claim or product recall that results in significant adverse publicity may negatively affect our business, financial condition, or results of operations. We maintain product liability insurance, but this insurance may not adequately cover losses related to product liability claims brought against us. We may also be a defendant in class action litigation, for which no insurance is available. Product liability insurance could become more expensive and difficult to maintain and may not be available on commercially reasonable terms, if at all. In addition, we do not maintain any product recall insurance, so any product recall we are required to initiate could have a significant impact on our financial position, results of operations or cash flows. We regularly investigate potential quality issues as part of our ongoing effort to deliver quality products to our customers.
Our quarterly operating results may vary significantly from quarter to quarter and may cause our stock price to fluctuate.
Our future quarterly operating results may fluctuate significantly and may fall short of or exceed the expectations of securities analysts, investors or management. If this occurs, the market price of our stock could fluctuate, in some cases materially. The following factors may cause fluctuations in our operating results:
Decreases in revenue or increases in operating expenses. We budget our operating expenses based on anticipated sales, and a significant portion of our sales and marketing, research and development and general and administrative costs are fixed, at least in the short term. If revenue decreases, due to pricing pressures or otherwise, or does not increase as planned and we are unable to reduce our operating costs quickly and sufficiently, our operating results could be materially adversely affected.
Product mix. The product mix of our sales affects profit margins in any given quarter. As our business evolves and the revenue from the product mix of our sales varies from quarter to quarter, our operating results will likely fluctuate in ways that might not be directly proportionate to the fluctuation in revenue.
New product introductions. As we introduce new products, the timing of these introductions within any given quarter will affect our quarterly operating results. We may have difficulty predicting the timing of new product introductions and the market acceptance of these new products. If products and services are introduced earlier or

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later than anticipated, or if market acceptance is unexpectedly high or low, our quarterly operating results may fluctuate unexpectedly.
Lengthy sales cycle. The length of time between the date of initial contact with a potential customer and the execution of and product delivery under a contract may take several months or longer, and is subject to delays or interruptions over which we have little or no control. The sale of our products is subject to delays from, among other things, our customers’ budgeting, product testing and vendor approval mechanics, and competitive evaluation processes that typically accompany significant information technology purchasing decisions. As a result, our ability to anticipate the timing and volume of sales to specific customers is limited, and the delay or failure to complete one or more large transactions could cause our operating results to vary significantly from quarter to quarter.
Foreign currency. We are exposed to market risk from changes in foreign currency exchange rates. Our attempts to minimize the effects of volatility in foreign currencies on cash flows may not be successful.
Due to these and other factors, our results of operations may fluctuate substantially in the future and quarter-to-quarter comparisons may not be reliable indicators of future operating or share price performance.
We are subject to the risks of doing business internationally.
In addition to our manufacturing activities in Asia, we have staff located in Canada, China and Europe. We also sell our products outside the U.S. These international business activities expose the Company to additional business risks, including:
difficulty in managing sales, research and development operations and post-sales logistics and support across these continents;
changes in a specific country’s or region’s political or economic conditions, particularly in emerging markets, and changes in diplomatic and trade relationships;
less effective protection of intellectual property and general exposure to different legal processes, standards and expectations;
trade protection measures and import or export licensing requirements;
potentially negative consequences from changes in tax laws;
increased expenses associated with customizing products for different countries;
unexpected changes in regulatory requirements resulting in unanticipated costs and delays;
longer collection cycles and difficulties in collecting accounts receivable;
longer sales cycles;
international terrorism;
loss or damage to products in transit;
international dock strikes or other transportation delays; and
court-ordered injunctions in a given jurisdiction in connection with alleged intellectual property rights infringement by our products or components contained within our products which might prohibit the importation, sale or offer for sale of our products in the jurisdiction subject to such injunction.
Any disruption in our ability to obtain products from our foreign manufacturers or in our ability to conduct international operations and sales could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Our international business activities expose the Company to fluctuations in exchange rates between the United States dollar and foreign currencies which may affect our operating results.
A portion of our revenues are generated from sales agreements denominated in foreign currencies, and we expect to enter into additional such agreements as we expand our international customer base. As a result, we are exposed to changes in foreign currency exchange rates. At times, we may attempt to manage this risk, in part, by minimizing the effects of volatility on cash flows by identifying forecasted transactions exposed to these risks and using foreign exchange forward contracts. Since there is a high correlation between the hedging instruments and the underlying exposures, the gains and losses on these underlying exposures are generally offset by reciprocal changes in the value of the hedging instruments. We may use derivative financial instruments as risk management tools and not for trading or speculative purposes. Nevertheless, there can be no assurance that we will not incur foreign currency losses or that foreign exchange forward contracts we may enter into to reduce the risk of such losses will be successful.

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We may not be able to maintain and expand our business if we are not able to hire, retain and manage additional qualified personnel.
Our success in the future depends in part on the continued contribution of our executive, technical, engineering, sales, marketing, operations and administrative personnel. Recruiting and retaining skilled personnel in the wireless communications industry, including software and hardware engineers, is highly competitive. The success of any acquisition also depends in part on our retention and integration of key personnel from the acquired company or business.
Although we may enter into employment agreements with members of our senior management and other key personnel, these arrangements do not prevent any of our management or key personnel from leaving the company. If we are not able to attract or retain qualified personnel in the future, or if we experience delays in hiring required personnel, particularly qualified engineers, we may not be able to maintain and expand our business.
System security risks, data protection breaches, cyber-attacks and systems integration issues could disrupt our internal operations or information technology services provided to customers, and any such disruption could reduce our expected revenue, increase our expenses, damage our reputation and adversely affect our stock price.
Experienced computer programmers and hackers may be able to penetrate our network security and misappropriate or compromise our confidential information or that of third parties, create system disruptions or cause shutdowns. Computer programmers and hackers also may be able to develop and deploy viruses, worms, and other malicious software programs that attack our products or otherwise exploit any security vulnerabilities of our products. In addition, sophisticated hardware and software and applications that we produce or procure from third parties may contain defects in design or manufacture, including “bugs” and other problems that could unexpectedly interfere with the operation of our or our customers’ systems. The costs to us to eliminate or alleviate cyber or other security problems, bugs, viruses, worms, malicious software programs and security vulnerabilities could be significant, and our efforts to address these problems may not be successful and could result in interruptions, delays, cessation of service and loss of existing or potential customers that may impede our sales, manufacturing, distribution or other critical functions.
We manage and store various proprietary information and sensitive or confidential data relating to our business. Breaches of our security measures or the accidental loss, inadvertent disclosure or unapproved dissemination of proprietary information or sensitive or confidential data about us or our clients, including the potential loss or disclosure of such information or data as a result of fraud, trickery or other forms of deception, could expose us or our affected customers to a risk of loss or misuse of this information, result in litigation and potential liability for us, damage our brand and reputation, or otherwise harm our business. In addition, the cost and operational consequences of implementing further data protection measures could be significant.
Portions of our IT infrastructure also may experience interruptions, delays or cessations of service, or produce errors in connection with systems integration or migration work that takes place from time to time. We may not be successful in implementing new systems and transitioning data, which could cause business disruptions and be more expensive, time consuming, disruptive and resource-intensive. Such disruptions could adversely impact our ability to fulfill orders and interrupt other processes. Delayed sales, lower margins or lost customers resulting from these disruptions have in the past adversely affected, and in the future could adversely affect, our financial results, stock price and reputation.
We may not be able to develop products that comply with applicable government regulations.
Our products must comply with government regulations. For example, in the United States, the Federal Communications Commission, or FCC, regulates many aspects of communications devices, including radiation of electromagnetic energy, biological safety and rules for devices to be connected to telephone networks. In addition to the federal government, some states have adopted regulations applicable to our products. Radio frequency devices, which include our modems, must be approved by obtaining equipment authorization from the FCC prior to being offered for sale. Regulatory requirements in Canada, Europe, Asia and other jurisdictions must also be met. Additionally, we cannot anticipate the effect that changes in domestic or foreign government regulations may have on our ability to develop and sell products in the future. Failure to comply with existing or evolving government regulations or to obtain timely regulatory approvals or certificates for our products could materially adversely affect our business, financial condition and results of operations or cash flows.
Failure or circumvention of our controls and procedures could seriously harm our business.
Any system of control and procedures, however well designed and operated, is based in part on certain assumptions and can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurances that the objectives of the controls and procedures are met. Acquired companies or businesses are likely to have different standards, controls, contracts, procedures and policies, making it more difficult to implement and harmonize company-wide financial, accounting, billing, information and other systems. Acquisitions of privately held companies and/or non-US companies are particularly challenging because their prior practices in these areas may not meet the requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act or public accounting standards. The failure or

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circumvention of our controls, policies and procedures could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and financial position.
Any changes to existing accounting pronouncements or taxation rules or practices may cause adverse fluctuations in our reported results of operations or affect how we conduct our business.
A change in accounting pronouncements or taxation rules or practices can have a significant effect on our reported results and may affect our reporting of transactions completed before the change is effective. New accounting pronouncements, taxation rules and varying interpretations of accounting pronouncements or taxation rules have occurred in the past and may occur in the future. The change to existing rules, future changes, if any, or the need for us to modify a current tax position may adversely affect our reported financial results or the way we conduct our business.

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments
None.
 
Item 2. Properties
Our principal executive offices are located in San Diego, California where we lease approximately 96,000 square feet under an arrangement that expires in December 2016. We also currently lease approximately 21,000 square feet in Richardson, Texas under a lease arrangement that expires in June 2020. We further lease space in various geographic locations abroad primarily for sales and support personnel, for research and development, or for temporary facilities. We believe that our existing facilities are adequate to meet our current needs and that we can renew our existing leases or obtain alternative space on terms that would not have a material impact on our financial condition.

Item 3. Legal Proceedings
We are engaged in numerous legal actions arising in the ordinary course of our business and, while there can be no assurance, we believe that the ultimate outcome of these legal actions will not have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations, financial condition or cash flows.
The disclosure in Note 13, “Commitments and Contingencies,” in the accompanying consolidated financial statements includes a discussion of our legal proceedings and is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures
None.


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PART II
Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Common Stock Data
Shares of our common stock are quoted and traded on The Nasdaq Global Select Market under the symbol “MIFI” and, prior to October 15, 2014, under the symbol “NVTL”. The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the high and low sales prices of our common stock as reported by The Nasdaq Global Select Market.

 
High ($)
 
Low ($)
2014
 
 
 
First quarter
3.40

 
1.66

Second quarter
2.18

 
1.51

Third quarter
3.91

 
1.67

Fourth quarter
3.76

 
2.26

2013
 
 
 
First quarter
2.44

 
1.27

Second quarter
4.14

 
1.90

Third quarter
4.43

 
2.57

Fourth quarter
3.36

 
1.95

Number of Stockholders of Record
Our outstanding capital stock consists of a single class of common stock. As of March 3, 2015, there were approximately 43 holders of record of our common stock. Because many of the shares of our common stock are held by brokers and other institutions on behalf of stockholders, we are unable to estimate the total number of stockholders represented by these record holders.
Dividends
We have never declared or paid cash dividends on any shares of our capital stock. We currently intend to retain all available funds for use in the operation and development of our business and, therefore, do not anticipate paying any cash dividends in the foreseeable future. Any future determination relating to our dividend policy will be made at the discretion of our board of directors and will depend on a number of factors, including future earnings, capital requirements, financial condition and future prospects and other factors the board of directors may deem relevant. Under the terms of our $25 million senior secured revolving credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, NA, we are prohibited from declaring or paying any cash dividends on our common stock.


21


Table of Contents

Performance Graph
The following graph compares the cumulative total stockholder return on the Company’s common stock between December 31, 2009 and December 31, 2014 with the cumulative total return of (i) the Nasdaq Stock Market (U.S.) Index or the Nasdaq Composite Index and (ii) the Nasdaq Telecommunications Index, or the Nasdaq Telecom Index, over the same period. This graph assumes the investment of $100.00 on December 31, 2009 in the common stock of the Company, the Nasdaq Composite Index and the Nasdaq Telecom Index and assumes the reinvestment of any dividends. The stockholder return shown on the graph below should not be considered indicative of future stockholder returns and the Company will not make or endorse any predictions as to future stockholder returns.

 

 
Cumulative Total Return
 
12/09
 
12/10
 
12/11
 
12/12
 
12/13
 
12/14
Novatel Wireless, Inc.
100.00

 
119.82

 
39.27

 
16.69

 
29.74

 
40.40

NASDAQ Composite
100.00

 
117.61

 
118.70

 
139.00

 
196.83

 
223.74

NASDAQ Telecommunications
100.00

 
107.95

 
96.16

 
100.40

 
139.11

 
148.69


Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
None, except as to (i) the description of our issuance of unregistered shares of common stock in connection with the settlement of our recent stockholder litigation and (ii) the description of our sale and issuance of common stock, shares of our Series C Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.001 per share (the “Series C Preferred Stock”) and a warrant to purchase 4,117,647 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.26 per share (the “Warrant”), as disclosed in our Current Reports on Form 8-K filed on July 2, 2014 and September 8, 2014, respectively, each of which is incorporated herein by reference.

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Table of Contents

Item 6. Selected Financial Data
The following selected financial data should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and the related notes and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” appearing elsewhere in this report. The selected consolidated statements of operations data presented below for each of the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013 and 2012, and the consolidated balance sheet data at December 31, 2014 and 2013 are derived from our consolidated financial statements included elsewhere in this report. The selected consolidated statements of operations data for the years ended December 31, 2011 and 2010 and consolidated balance sheet data at December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010 are derived from the audited consolidated financial statements not included in this report.
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
(in thousands, except per share data)
Consolidated Statements of Operations Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net revenues
$
185,245

 
$
335,053

 
$
344,288

 
$
402,862

 
$
338,942

Cost of net revenues
148,198

 
266,759

 
271,845

 
318,270

 
272,648

Gross profit
37,047

 
68,294

 
72,443

 
84,592

 
66,294

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
34,314

 
48,246

 
60,422

 
61,392

 
48,906

Sales and marketing
13,792

 
20,898

 
27,501

 
29,830

 
20,978

General and administrative
15,402

 
24,179

 
22,668

 
21,600

 
21,233

Goodwill and intangible assets impairment

 

 
49,521

 
3,277

 

Amortization of purchased intangible assets
562

 
562

 
1,074

 
2,220

 
179

Shareholder litigation loss
790

 
14,326

 

 

 

Restructuring charges
7,760

 
3,304

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses
72,620

 
111,515

 
161,186

 
118,319

 
91,296

Operating loss
(35,573
)
 
(43,221
)
 
(88,743
)
 
(33,727
)
 
(25,002
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of warrant liability
(3,280
)
 

 

 

 

Interest income (expense), net
(85
)
 
113

 
291

 
384

 
(2,518
)
Other expense, net
(167
)
 
(222
)
 
(203
)
 
(1,052
)
 
1,963

Loss before income taxes
(39,105
)
 
(43,330
)
 
(88,655
)
 
(34,395
)
 
(25,557
)
Income tax provision
124

 
83

 
611

 
(9,503
)
 
7,893

Net loss
(39,229
)
 
(43,413
)
 
(89,266
)
 
(24,892
)
 
(33,450
)
Recognition of beneficial conversion feature
(445
)
 

 

 

 

Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(39,674
)
 
$
(43,413
)
 
$
(89,266
)
 
$
(24,892
)
 
$
(33,450
)
Net loss per share attributable to common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(1.05
)
 
$
(1.28
)
 
$
(2.72
)
 
$
(0.78
)
 
$
(1.06
)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
37,959

 
33,948

 
32,852

 
32,043

 
31,494

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
2011
 
2010
 
(in thousands)
Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities (1)
$
17,853

 
$
25,532

 
$
55,309

 
$
88,831

 
$
97,826

Working capital
29,397

 
40,928

 
67,199

 
81,113

 
87,174

Total assets
95,020

 
111,465

 
161,531

 
249,179

 
302,108

Stockholders’ equity
30,546

 
44,916

 
85,447

 
166,025

 
185,403

Long-term liabilities
6,090

 
11,848

 
2,552

 
4,080

 
12,886

(1)
Includes restricted marketable securities in 2013.

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Table of Contents

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
The following discussion of our consolidated financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes included elsewhere in this report. This report contains certain forward-looking statements relating to future events or our future financial performance. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from those discussed in this report. You are cautioned not to place undue reliance on this information which speaks only as of the date of this report. We are not obligated to update this information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent we are required to by law. For a discussion of the important risks related to our business and future operating performance, see the discussion under the caption “Item 1A. Risk Factors” and under the caption “Factors Which May Influence Future Results of Operations” below. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed in this report might not occur.
Business Overview and Background
We are a provider of intelligent wireless solutions for the worldwide mobile communications market. Our broad range of products principally includes intelligent mobile hotspots, USB modems, embedded modules, integrated asset-management and mobile tracking M2M devices, communications and applications software and cloud services
Our products currently operate on every major cellular wireless technology platform. Our mobile hotspots, embedded modules, and modems provide subscribers with secure and convenient high-speed access to corporate, public and personal information through the Internet and enterprise networks. Our M2M products enable devices to communicate with each other and with server or cloud-based application infrastructures. Our M2M products and solutions include our M2M embedded modules, integrated M2M communications devices and our service delivery platform, the N4A™ DM and N4A™ CMS, that provides easy device management and service enablement.
Our mobile-hotspot and modem customer base is comprised of wireless operators, including Verizon Wireless, AT&T, and Sprint, as well as distributors and various companies in other vertical markets. Our M2M customer base is comprised of transportation companies, industrial companies, manufacturers, application service providers, system integrators and distributors. Our solutions address multiple vertical markets for our customers including commercial telematics, after-market telematics, remote monitoring and control, security and connected home. We have strategic relationships with several of these customers that provide input and validation of our product requirements across the various vertical markets.
We sell our wireless broadband solutions primarily to wireless operators either directly or through strategic relationships. Most of our mobile-computing product sales to wireless operators are sold directly by our sales force, or to a lesser degree, through distributors. We sell our M2M solutions primarily to enterprises in the following industries: transportation; energy and industrial automation; security and safety; and medical monitoring. We sell our M2M solutions through our direct sales force and through distributors.
We intend to continue to identify and respond to our customers’ needs by introducing new product designs with an emphasis on supporting cutting edge wide area network technology, ease-of-use, performance, size, weight, cost and power consumption. We manage our products through a structured life cycle process, from identifying initial customer requirements through development and commercial introduction to eventual phase-out. During product development, emphasis is placed on innovation, time-to-market, performance, meeting industry standards and customer product specifications, ease of integration, cost reduction, manufacturability, quality and reliability.
The hardware used in our solutions is produced by contract manufacturers. Their services include component procurement, assembly, testing, quality control and fulfillment. Our contract manufacturers include: Inventec Appliances Corporation, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd. and Benchmark Electronics. Under our manufacturing agreements, contract manufacturers provide us with services including component procurement, product manufacturing, final assembly, testing, quality control and fulfillment.
Strategic and Operations Overview
In 2014, we restructured our operations in an effort to increase future revenue levels and gross margins, lower our operating costs and achieve profitability. In the mobile computing business, we are focusing our development efforts only on those products that we believe have the greatest potential sales volume and will generate the highest gross profits and return on development investment. These products are targeted at the tier one telecommunications operators in North America with derivative products for other markets. We expect this strategy to reduce the number of products developed for sale in the mobile computing segment and result in an improved return on investment from development costs expended. Operating loss also improved throughout the year with a $18.4 million loss in the first half of the year as compared to a $5.0 million loss in the second half of the year.

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Table of Contents

Additionally, we have invested significant resources in our M2M product and services portfolio. This investment has allowed us to engage with new development partner customers in targeted verticals, including commercial and after-market telematics, and remote monitoring, control and security. We are currently integrating our products and services into their business processes, which we believe will contribute to future revenue growth.
Net revenues from our Mobile Computing Products segment decreased 51.1% in the year ended December 31, 2014, compared to 2013. However, despite the $152.0 million reduction in revenue, operating loss from Mobile Computing Products improved by $4.6 million, or 16.5%, compared to 2013. Net revenues from Mobile Computing Products increased in the second half of 2014 from the first half of the year, in part due to the launch of the MiFi® 6620L in the third quarter, and are expected to continue to increase in 2015.
Net revenues in our M2M Products and Solutions segment grew $2.2 million or 5.8% in the year ended December 31, 2014, compared to 2013. Operating loss from M2M Products and Solutions improved from a $15.3 million loss for the prior year to a $12.2 million loss for the year ended December 31, 2014. Net revenues from M2M Products and Solutions for the full fiscal year 2015 are anticipated to exceed the revenue in 2014, primarily based upon the increased adoption of our new products.
We have restructured our research and development process by reducing the size of our in-house engineering staff. This change replaced some of our fixed research and development costs (due primarily to a decrease in our employee headcount and related compensation expenses) with variable costs and is expected to result in a lower overall cost of research and development and a more variable cost structure going forward. We expect to continue to make focused investments in research and development.
We have also been focused on completing the integration of our mobile computing business with our M2M business to increase operational efficiencies and reduce our operating expenses. The total operating expenses incurred for the twelve months ended December 31, 2014 were $72.6 million compared to $111.5 million for 2013, a 34.9% year over year reduction. This reduction is primarily due to a reduction of employee headcount and related compensation expenses, as well as reduced shareholder litigation loss. Our current employee headcount at December 31, 2014 was 240 as compared to 316 at December 31, 2013 and 459 at December 31, 2012.
Factors Which May Influence Future Results of Operations
Net Revenues. We believe that our future net revenues will be influenced largely by the speed and breadth of the demand for wireless access to data through the use of next generation networks, including demand for 3G and 4G products, 3G and 4G data access services (particularly in North America, Latina America, Europe and Asia), customer acceptance for our new products that address these markets, including our MiFi line of Intelligent Mobile Hotspots, and our ability to meet customer demand. Factors that could potentially affect customer demand for our products include the following:
economic environment and related market conditions;
increased competition from other wireless data device suppliers as well as suppliers of emerging devices that contain a wireless data access feature;
demand for broadband access services and networks;
rate of change to new products;
timing of deployment of 4G networks by wireless operators;
decreased demand for 3G and 4G products;
product pricing; and
changes in technologies.
Our revenues are also significantly dependent upon the availability of materials and components used in our products.
We anticipate introducing additional products during the next twelve months, including 4G broadband-access products, M2M solutions and software applications and platforms. We continue to develop and maintain strategic relationships with wireless and computing industry leaders like QUALCOMM, Verizon Wireless, AT&T and Sprint and major software vendors. Through strategic relationships, we have been able to maintain market penetration by leveraging the resources of our channel partners, including their access to distribution resources, increased sales opportunities and market opportunities.
Cost of Net Revenues. All costs associated with our contract manufacturers, as well as distribution, fulfillment and repair services, are included in our cost of net revenues. Cost of net revenues also includes warranty costs, amortization of intangible assets, royalties, operations overhead, costs associated with our cancellation of purchase orders, costs related to outside services

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Table of Contents

and costs related to inventory adjustments, including write downs for excess and obsolete inventory. Inventory adjustments are impacted primarily by demand for our products, which is influenced by the factors discussed above.
Operating Costs and Expenses. Many of our products target wireless operators and other customers in North America, Latin America, Europe and Asia. We will likely develop new products to serve these markets, resulting in increased research and development expenses. We have incurred these expenses in the past and expect to continue to incur these expenses in future periods prior to recognizing net revenues from sales of these products.
Our operating costs consist of three primary categories: research and development; sales and marketing; and general and administrative costs.
Research and development are at the core of our ability to produce innovative, leading-edge products. This category consists primarily of engineers and technicians who design and test our highly complex products and the acquisition of testing and certification services.
Sales and marketing expense consists primarily of our sales force and product-marketing professionals. In order to maintain strong sales relationships, we provide co-marketing, trade show support, product training and demo units for merchandising. We are also engaged in a wide variety of activities, such as awareness and lead generation programs as well as product marketing. Other marketing initiatives include public relations, seminars and co-branding with partners.
General and administrative expenses include primarily corporate functions such as accounting, human resources, legal, administrative support, and professional fees. This category also includes the expenses needed to operate as a publicly-traded company, including Sarbanes-Oxley compliance, SEC filings, stock-exchange fees, and investor-relations expense. Although general and administrative expenses are not directly related to revenue levels, certain expenses such as, legal expenses and provisions for bad debts may cause significant volatility in future general and administrative expenses.
We have undertaken certain restructuring activities and cost reduction initiatives in an effort to better align our organizational structure and costs with our strategy. Restructuring activities consist primarily of severance costs incurred in connection with the reduction of our workforce and facility exit related costs.
As part of our business strategy, we review, and intend to continue to review, acquisition opportunities that we believe would be advantageous or complementary to the development of our business. Given our current cash position and recent losses, any acquisitions we make would likely involve issuing stock and/or borrowing additional funds in order to provide the purchase consideration for the acquisitions. If we make any acquisitions, we may incur substantial expenditures in conjunction with the acquisition process and the subsequent assimilation of any acquired business, products, technologies or personnel.

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Table of Contents

Results of Operations
The following table sets forth our consolidated statements of operations expressed as a percentage of net revenues for the periods indicated.
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
 
(as a percent of net revenues)
Net revenues
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
 
100.0
 %
Cost of net revenues
80.0

 
79.6

 
79.0

Gross profit
20.0

 
20.4

 
21.0

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
18.5

 
14.4

 
17.5

Sales and marketing
7.4

 
6.2

 
8.0

General and administrative
8.3

 
7.2

 
6.6

Goodwill and intangible assets impairment
0.0

 

 
14.4

Amortization of purchased intangible assets
0.3

 
0.2

 
0.3

Shareholder litigation loss
0.4

 
4.3

 
0.0

Restructuring charges
4.2

 
1.0

 
0.0

Total operating costs and expenses
39.2

 
33.3

 
46.8

Operating loss
(19.2
)
 
(12.9
)
 
(25.8
)
Change in fair value of warrant liability
(1.8
)
 

 

Interest income (expense), net
0.0

 

 
0.1

Other expense, net
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
 
(0.1
)
Loss before income taxes
(21.1
)
 
(12.9
)
 
(25.8
)
Income tax provision
0.1

 

 
0.2

Net loss
(21.4
)%
 
(13.0
)%
 
(25.9
)%
Year Ended December 31, 2014 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2013
Net revenues. Net revenues were approximately $185.2 million during 2014, a decrease of approximately $149.8 million or 44.7% compared to 2013. However, our operating loss improved by 17.7% from $43.2 million in 2013 to $35.6 million in 2014.
The following table summarizes net revenues by reportable segment and product categories during the years ended December 31, 2014 and 2013 (in thousands):
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Change
 
2014
 
2013
 
$
 
%
Net revenues by reportable segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mobile Computing Products
$
145,500

 
$
297,499

 
$
(151,999
)
 
(51.1
)%
M2M Products and Solutions
39,745

 
37,554

 
2,191

 
5.8
 %
Total
$
185,245

 
$
335,053

 
$
(149,808
)
 
(44.7
)%
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
Change
 
2014
 
2013
 
$
 
%
Net revenues by product categories:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mobile Broadband Devices
$
143,309

 
$
277,415

 
$
(134,106
)
 
(48.3
)%
Embedded Solutions
20,949

 
36,689

 
(15,740
)
 
(42.9
)%
Asset Management Solutions and Services
20,987

 
20,949

 
38

 
0.2
 %
Total
$
185,245

 
$
335,053

 
$
(149,808
)
 
(44.7
)%


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Mobile Computing Products. Net revenues from our Mobile Computing Products segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $145.5 million, a decrease of $152.0 million or 51.1% compared to the same period in 2013. The decrease is primarily attributable to legacy products reaching their end of their life cycle . Revenues for this segment increased sequentially in the third and fourth quarters primarily as a result of the launch of the MiFi 6620L during the latter part of the third quarter of 2014, and we expect to increase revenues from Mobile Computing Products throughout 2015 as compared to 2014.
M2M Products and Solutions. Net revenues from our M2M Products and Solutions segment for the year ended December 31, 2014 were $39.7 million, an increase of $2.2 million, or 5.8%, compared to the same period in 2013. The increase is primarily due to increased adoption of our new M2M products. We expect to increase revenues from M2M Products and Solutions throughout 2015 as compared to 2014.
Product Categories. We have categorized the combined product portfolios of the mobile computing and M2M businesses into three categories (i) Mobile Broadband Devices, (ii) Embedded Solutions and (iii) Asset Management Solutions and Services. These categories were established due to the different markets and sales channels served. We believe this product categorization facilitates the analysis of our operating trends and enhances our segment disclosures.
The Mobile Broadband Devices category includes all external data modems including MiFi Intelligent Hotspots and USB modems. These devices are sold primarily through wireless operator enterprise and retail channels, telecommunications equipment distributors and consumer retail chains.
The Embedded Solutions product category includes M2M modules sold to manufacturers of various asset tracking and monitoring products. Our products are sold directly to OEMs or through distributor channels.
Asset Management Solutions and Services are mobile intelligent wireless broadband terminal devices and N4A DM and/or N4A CMS software which transmit information about the assets into which these products are integrated. These hardware and software products can be bundled or sold separately.
Cost of net revenues. Cost of net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2014 was approximately $148.2 million, or 80.0% of net revenues, as compared to approximately $266.8 million, or 79.6% of net revenues in 2013. Cost of net revenues declined in 2014 due to the corresponding decline in revenues described above.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2014 was approximately $37.0 million, or 20.0% of net revenues, as compared to approximately $68.3 million, or 20.4% of net revenues, in 2013. While our gross profit percentage was relatively flat in 2014 as compared to 2013, we expect that our gross profit percentage will increase throughout 2015 based on expected increased sales from our newer, higher margin products.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were approximately $34.3 million, or 18.5% of net revenues, compared to approximately $48.2 million, or 14.4% of net revenues in 2013. Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were lower as compared to the same period in 2013 primarily due to reduced labor costs attributed to headcount reductions and lower outside service costs and depreciation expenses.
We believe that focused investments in research and development are critical to our future growth and competitive position in the marketplace and are directly related to timely development of new and enhanced products that are central to our core business strategy. As such, we expect to make further investments in research and development to remain competitive.
Research and development expenses as a percentage of net revenues are expected to fluctuate in future periods depending on the amount of revenue recognized, and potential variation in the costs associated with the development of our products, including the number and complexity of the products under development and the progress of the development activities with respect to those products.
Sales and marketing expenses. Sales and marketing expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were approximately $13.8 million, or 7.4% of net revenues, compared to approximately $20.9 million, or 6.2% of net revenues, in 2013. Sales and marketing expenses were lower as compared to the same period in 2013, primarily due to headcount reductions, resulting in a decrease in salaries and related expenditures and share-based compensation expenses.
While managing sales and marketing expenses relative to net revenues, we expect to continue to make selected investments in sales and marketing as we introduce new products, market existing products, expand our distribution channels and focus on key customers around the world.
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were approximately $15.4 million, or 8.3% of net revenues, compared to approximately $24.2 million, or 7.2% of net revenues, in

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Table of Contents

2013. The decrease in general and administrative expenses was due primarily to lower legal and professional fees coupled with lower salaries and related expenditures attributed to headcount reductions, and decreased share-based compensation expense.
Amortization of purchased intangible assets. The amortization of purchased intangible assets for the year ended December 31, 2014 was approximately $562,000, the same as in 2013.
Shareholder litigation loss. The loss for litigation for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $790,000 and related to the In re Novatel Wireless Securities Litigation described in Note 13, “Commitments and Contingencies” in the accompanying consolidated financial statements, compared to $14.3 million in 2013.
Restructuring charges. Restructuring expenses for the year ended December 31, 2014 were approximately $7.8 million compared to approximately $3.3 million in 2013. Restructuring charges for the year ended December 31, 2014 primarily consisted of severance costs and expenses related to the departure of our former Chief Executive Officer, including expenses relating to the accelerated vesting of restricted stock units and options, other severance costs and expenses incurred in connection with the reduction of our workforce, and facility exit costs. Restructuring charges for the year ended December 31, 2013 primarily consisted of severance costs incurred in connection with the reduction of our workforce and facility exit related costs.
Change in fair value of warrant liability. During the year ended December 31, 2014, we incurred a non-cash loss of $3.3 million related to the fair value measurement of the warrant that we issued in connection with the financing transaction that closed on September 8, 2014.
Interest income (expense), net. Interest expense, net, for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $85,000 as compared to interest income, net of $113,000 for the same period in 2013.
Other expense, net. Other expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2014 was $167,000 as compared to $222,000 for the same period in 2013.
Income tax provision. Income tax expense was approximately $124,000 for fiscal 2014, compared to $83,000 in 2013. The difference between the federal and state statutory combined benefit rate of 36% and our effective tax rate for 2014 is primarily due to a full valuation allowance on the Canadian-based deferred tax assets generated in 2014. The income tax expense for 2013 was primarily due to a full valuation allowance on the U.S.-based deferred tax assets generated in 2013.
Beneficial conversion feature. For the year ended December 31, 2014, we recognized the fair value of an embedded beneficial conversion feature for $445,000 on the convertible Series C preferred shares issued in connection with the financing transaction that closed on September 8, 2014.
Net loss. For the year ended December 31, 2014, we reported a net loss of approximately $39.7 million, as compared to net loss of approximately $43.4 million in 2013. Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2014 was impacted by changes in net revenue and restructuring charges recognized during the year. Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2013 was significantly impacted by expenses associated with the shareholder litigation settlement of $14.3 million, accrued in the fourth quarter of 2013, and restructuring charges recognized during the year.
Year Ended December 31, 2013 Compared to Year Ended December 31, 2012
Net revenues. Net revenues were approximately $335.1 million during 2013, a decrease of approximately $9.2 million or 2.7% compared to 2012.
The following table summarizes net revenues by reportable segment and product categories during the years ended December 31, 2013 and 2012 (in thousands):
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Net revenues by reportable segment:
 
 
 
Mobile Computing Products
$
297,499

 
$
312,508

M2M Products and Solutions
37,554

 
31,780

Total
$
335,053

 
$
344,288

 

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Year Ended December 31,
 
2013
 
2012
Net revenues by product categories:
 
 
 
Mobile Broadband Devices
$
277,415

 
$
287,572

Embedded Solutions
36,689

 
29,960

Asset Management Solutions and Services
20,949

 
26,756

Total
$
335,053

 
$
344,288


Mobile Computing Products. Net revenues from our Mobile Computing Products segment for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $297.5 million, a decrease of $15.0 million or 4.8% compared to the same period in 2012. The decrease is primarily attributable to lower sales of Mobile Broadband devices caused by increased market competition at our largest customer and lower average sales prices during the period.
M2M Products and Solutions. Net revenues from our M2M Products and Solutions segment for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $37.6 million, an increase of $5.8 million or 18.2% compared to the same period in 2012. The increase is primarily due to increased sales of our HS3001 module launched in the first quarter of 2013.
Cost of net revenues. Cost of net revenues for the year ended December 31, 2013 was approximately $266.8 million, or 79.6% of net revenues, as compared to approximately $271.8 million, or 79.0% of net revenues in 2012.
Gross profit. Gross profit for the year ended December 31, 2013 was approximately $68.3 million, or 20.4% of net revenues, as compared to approximately $72.4 million, or 21.0% of net revenues in 2012. The gross profit percentage decrease compared to the same period in 2012 was primarily attributable to the changes in net revenues.
Research and development expenses. Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were approximately $48.2 million, or 14.4% of net revenues, compared to approximately $60.4 million, or 17.5% of net revenues in 2012. Research and development expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were lower as compared to the same period in 2012 due to reduced labor cost attributed to headcount reductions, as well as lower share-based compensation expense.
Sales and marketing expenses. Sales and marketing expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were approximately $20.9 million, or 6.2% of net revenues, compared to approximately $27.5 million or 8.0% of net revenues in 2012. Sales and marketing expenses were lower as compared to the same period in 2012, primarily due to headcount reductions, resulting in a decrease in salaries and related expenditures and share-based compensation expenses.
General and administrative expenses. General and administrative expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were approximately $24.2 million, or 7.2% of net revenues, compared to approximately $22.7 million, or 6.6% of net revenues in 2012. The increase was due primarily to litigation settlements reached during the year, as well as increased legal fees and an increase to our allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, partially offset by reduced salaries and related expenditures attributed to headcount reductions and decreased share-based compensation expense.
Goodwill and intangible assets impairments. No impairments were recorded during the year ended December 31, 2013. During the first and third quarters of 2012, based on actual operating results, and reductions in management’s estimates of forecasted operating results of the M2M Products and Solutions reporting unit principally due to an updated view of competitive pressures impacting average selling prices and forecasted sales volumes, customer product and technology selections, and the loss of certain customers, we determined there were sufficient indicators of impairment present to require an interim impairment analysis. Based on the fair value tests performed during the first quarter of 2012, we recorded a pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $6.6 million and a purchased intangible asset charge of $22.8 million. Based on the fair value tests performed during the third quarter of 2012, we recorded a preliminary pre-tax goodwill impairment charge of $13.2 million and a preliminary purchased intangible asset charge of $7.3 million. During the fourth quarter of 2012, we completed the third quarter impairment analysis and reduced the purchased intangible asset impairment by $300,000.
Amortization of purchased intangible assets. The amortization of purchased intangible assets for the year ended December 31, 2013 was approximately $562,000, compared to approximately $1.1 million in 2012. The decrease in amortization expense was due to the lower net asset value of the intangible assets resulting from impairment charges in the first and third quarters of 2012.
Shareholder litigation loss. The contingent loss for litigation for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $14.3 million related to the In re Novatel Wireless Securities Litigation described in Note 13, “Commitments and Contingencies” in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

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Restructuring charges. Restructuring expenses for the year ended December 31, 2013 were $3.3 million, and predominantly consisted of severance costs incurred in connection with the reduction of our workforce and facility exit related costs. In September 2013, We commenced certain restructuring initiatives, including the closure of our development site in Calgary, Canada, and the consolidation of certain supply chain management activities, resulting in a reduction in force of 72 employees across all functional areas of the Company.
Interest income, net. Interest income, net, for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $113,000 as compared to $291,000 for the same period in 2012. Our net interest income during 2013 and 2012 was primarily related to interest earned on our marketable securities. The decrease in our interest income during 2013 was primarily related to the decrease in net asset values of our marketable securities compared to the same period in 2012.
Other expense, net. Other expense, net for the year ended December 31, 2013 was $222,000 as compared to $203,000 for the same period in 2012.
Income tax expense. Income tax expense was approximately $83,000 for fiscal 2013, compared to an expense of $611,000 in 2012. The difference between the federal and state statutory combined benefit rate of 36% and our effective tax rate for 2013 is primarily due to a full valuation allowance on the U.S.-based deferred tax assets generated in 2013. The income tax expense for 2012 was primarily due to a full valuation allowance on the U.S.-based deferred tax assets generated in 2012, and a $0.4 million expense related to an increase in our valuation allowance on the Canadian-based deferred tax assets.
Net loss. For the year ended December 31, 2013, we reported a net loss of approximately $43.4 million, as compared to net loss of approximately $89.3 million in 2012. Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2013 was significantly impacted by the shareholder litigation loss of $14.3 million. Net loss for the year ended December 31, 2012 was significantly impacted due to the impairment charges recognized in the first and third quarters of 2012.
Liquidity and Capital Resources
Our principal sources of liquidity are our existing cash and cash equivalents and cash generated from operations.
Financing Transaction
On September 3, 2014, we entered into a Purchase Agreement with HC2 Holdings 2, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “Investor”), pursuant to which, on September 8, 2014, we sold to the Investor (i) 7,363,334 shares of our common stock, par value $0.001 per share, (ii) the Warrant to purchase 4,117,647 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $2.26 per share and (iii) 87,196 shares of our Series C Preferred Stock, all at a purchase price of (a) $1.75 per share of common stock plus, in each case, the related Warrant and (b) $17.50 per share of Series C Preferred Stock, for aggregate gross proceeds of approximately $14.4 million. As of December 31, 2014, all warrant shares remain unexercised.
Credit Facilities
On October 31, 2014, we entered into a senior secured revolving credit facility with Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “Revolver”). The amount of borrowings that may be made under the Revolver are based on a borrowing base and are comprised of a specified percentage of eligible receivables. If, at any time during the term of the Revolver, the amount of borrowings outstanding under the Revolver exceeds the borrowing base then in effect or the maximum revolver amount of $25.0 million, we would be required to repay such borrowings in an amount sufficient to eliminate such excess. The Revolver includes $3.0 million of availability for letters of credit. At December 31, 2014, the balance of the revolving credit facility was approximately $5.2 million and we had available borrowings of approximately $12.1 million. See Note 12 to our consolidated financial statements for a discussion of the Revolver.
On November 19, 2014, we terminated our existing margin credit facility with one of the banks that held our marketable securities. Borrowings under this facility were collateralized by our cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities on deposit at the bank. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2014, we did not borrow against the facility and had no outstanding borrowings under this facility at December 31, 2014.
Working Capital, Cash and Cash Equivalents and Marketable Securities
The following table presents working capital, cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities:
 

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Year Ended December 31,

 
2014
 
2013
 
Increase /
(Decrease)
 
(in thousands)

Working capital (1)
$
29,397

 
$
40,928

 
$
(11,531
)
Cash and cash equivalents (2)
$
17,853

 
$
2,911

 
$
14,942

Short-term marketable securities (2)(3)

 
16,612

 
(16,612
)
Long-term marketable securities

 
3,443

 
(3,443
)
Total cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities
$
17,853

 
$
22,966

 
$
(5,113
)
 
(1)
Working capital is defined as the excess of current assets over current liabilities.
(2)
Included in working capital.
(3)
Excludes restricted marketable securities.
Our decrease in working capital as of December 31, 2014 compared to December 31, 2013 was primarily due to losses from operations incurred, an investment in inventory and capital expenditures in 2014.
As of December 31, 2014, our cash, cash equivalents and marketable securities decreased $5.1 million as compared to December 31, 2013, primarily due to $16.3 million of cash used in operating activities and capital expenditures of $1.8 million, partially offset by the net proceeds of $14.2 million received from the Investor in the financing transaction described above. See the discussion of market risk in Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk.
Historical Cash Flows
The following table summarizes our consolidated statements of cash flows for the periods indicated: 
 
Year Ended December 31,

 
2014
 
2013
 
(in thousands)
Net cash used in operating activities
$
(16,267
)
 
$
(26,627
)
Net cash provided by investing activities
20,432

 
11,624

Net cash provided by financing activities
10,908

 
2,014

Effect of exchange rates on cash and cash equivalents
(131
)
 
(144
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
14,942

 
(13,133
)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
2,911

 
16,044

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
17,853

 
$
2,911


Operating activities. Net cash used in operating activities was $16.3 million for 2014 compared to $26.6 million of net cash used in 2013. Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2014 was primarily attributable to the net losses incurred in 2014. Net cash used in operating activities for the year ended December 31, 2013 was primarily attributable to the net losses incurred in 2013 and the unfavorable working capital impacts of a $19.2 million reduction in accounts payable.
Investing activities. Net cash provided by investing activities for 2014 was approximately $20.4 million compared to $11.6 million used in investing activities in 2013. The net cash provided by investing activities in 2014 was primarily related to the net sales and maturities of our marketable securities of $22.6 million, partially offset by purchases of property and equipment of $1.8 million.
Financing activities. Net cash provided by financing activities for 2014 was $10.9 million, compared to net cash provided by financing activities of $2.0 million for 2013. Net cash provided by financing activities in 2014 was primarily related to proceeds received from the equity issued to the Investor in September 2014, partially offset by payments made in 2014 to settle our shareholder litigation. Net cash provided by financing activities in 2013 was primarily related to proceeds received from borrowing on our margin credit facility, partially offset by principal repayments on our margin credit facility borrowings, and payroll taxes paid on behalf of employees for restricted stock units which vested during the period.

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Contractual Obligations and Commercial Commitments
The following table summarizes our contractual obligations and commercial commitments at December 31, 2014, and the effect such obligations could have on our liquidity and cash flow in future periods (in thousands):
 
 
Payments Due by Fiscal Year
 
2015
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
Thereafter
 
Total
Operating leases
$
2,744

 
$
2,749

 
$
537

 
$
436

 
$
433

 
$
221

 
$
7,120

Committed purchase orders
55,000

 

 

 

 

 

 
55,000

Total contractual obligations
$
57,744

 
$
2,749

 
$
537

 
$
436

 
$
433

 
$
221

 
$
62,120

Our liability for uncertain tax benefits, including interest, as of December 31, 2014 was $0, compared to approximately $61,000 as of December 31, 2013. The decrease was primarily due to the expiration of the applicable statutes of limitations for certain tax years. Our tax liability for uncertain tax benefits is not included in our table of contractual obligations and commercial commitments.
Other Liquidity Needs
We have recently incurred operating losses and had a net loss of $39.7 million during the year ended December 31, 2014. As of December 31, 2014, we had available cash and cash equivalents totaling $17.9 million, and working capital of $29.4 million. We also have availability for borrowings under the Revolver. Borrowings under this facility are secured by a first priority lien on substantially all of our assets and the assets of certain of our subsidiaries, subject to certain exceptions and permitted liens. During the twelve months ended December 31, 2014, we borrowed $5.2 million against the revolving credit facility and had available borrowings of approximately $12.1 million.
Our ability to transition to attaining profitable operations is dependent upon achieving a level of revenues adequate to support our cost structure. If events or circumstances occur such that we do not meet our operating plan as expected, we may be required to reduce planned research and development activities, incur additional restructuring charges or reduce other operating expenses which could have an adverse impact on our ability to achieve our intended business objectives. We believe that our cash and cash equivalents and our availability under the Revolver, together with anticipated cash flows from operations, will be sufficient to meet our working capital needs for the next twelve months.
Our liquidity could be impaired if there is any interruption in our business operations, a material failure to satisfy our contractual commitments or a failure to generate revenue from new or existing products.
We may raise additional funds to accelerate development of new and existing services and products, to respond to competitive pressures or to acquire complementary products, businesses or technologies. There can be no assurance that any required additional financing will be available on terms favorable to us, or at all. In addition, in order to obtain additional borrowings we must comply with certain requirements under the Revolver. If additional funds are raised by the issuance of equity securities, our shareholders could experience dilution of their ownership interests and securities issued may have rights senior to those of the holders of our common stock. If additional funds are raised by the issuance of debt securities, we may be subject to certain limitations on our operations. If adequate funds are not available or not available on acceptable terms, we may be unable to take advantage of acquisition opportunities, develop or enhance products or respond to competitive pressures, any of which could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition and results of operations.
Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements
We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that are material to our results of operations, financial conditions or liquidity.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. requires management to make estimates and assumptions. These estimates and assumptions affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Critical accounting policies and significant estimates include revenue recognition, allowance for doubtful accounts receivable, provision for excess and obsolete inventory, valuation of intangible and long-lived assets, fair value of warrant liability, accruals relating to litigation, restructuring, and retention bonus, provision for warranty costs, income taxes and share-based compensation expense.


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Revenue Recognition. Our revenue is principally generated from the sale of wireless modems to wireless operators, OEM customers and value added resellers and distributors. In addition, we generate revenue from the sale of asset-management solutions utilizing wireless technology and M2M communication devices to transportation and industrial companies, medical device manufacturers and security system providers. Revenue from product sales is generally recognized upon the later of transfer of title or delivery of the product to the customer. Where the transfer of title or risk of loss is contingent on the customer’s acceptance of the product, we will not recognize revenue until both title and risk of loss have transferred to the customer. We record deferred revenue for cash payments received from customers in advance of when revenue recognition criteria are met. We have granted price protection to certain customers in accordance with the provisions of the respective contracts and track pricing and other terms offered to customers buying similar products to assess compliance with these provisions. We estimate the amount of price protection for current period product sales utilizing historical experience and information regarding customer inventory levels. To date, we have not incurred material price protection obligations. Revenues from sales to certain customers are subject to cooperative advertising allowances. Cooperative advertising allowances are recorded as an operating expense to the extent that the advertising benefit is separable from the revenue transaction and the fair value of that advertising benefit is determinable. To the extent that such allowances either do not provide a separable benefit to us, or the fair value of the advertising benefit cannot be reliably estimated, such amounts are recorded as a reduction of revenue. We establish reserves for estimated product returns allowances in the period in which revenue is recognized. In estimating future product returns, we consider various factors, including our stated return policies and practices and historical trends.
Predominantly all of the revenues represent the sale of hardware with accompanied software that is essential to the functionality of the hardware. We record revenue associated with the agreed upon price on hardware sales, and accrues any estimated costs of post-delivery performance obligations, such as warranty obligations. We consider the four basic revenue recognition criteria discussed under Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104 when assessing appropriate revenue recognition as follows:
Criterion #1 — Persuasive evidence of an arrangement must exist;
Criterion #2 — Delivery has occurred;
Criterion #3 — Our price to the buyer must be fixed or determinable; and,
Criterion #4 — Collectability is reasonably assured.
Under Accounting Standards Update 2009-13, in multiple element arrangements, the total consideration received from customers must be allocated to the elements based on a relative selling price. The accounting guidance establishes a hierarchy to determine the selling price to be used for allocating revenue to deliverables as follows: (i) vendors specific objective evidence (VSOE), (ii) third party evidence (TPE), and (iii) best estimate of selling price (BESP). Because we have neither VSOE nor TPE, revenue has been based on our BESP. Amounts allocated to the delivered hardware and the related essential software are recognized at the time of the sale provided all other revenue recognition criteria have been met. Amounts allocated to other deliverables based upon BESP are recognized in the period the revenue recognition criteria have been met.
Our process for determining BESP for deliverables without VSOE or TPE considers multiple factors that may vary depending upon the unique facts and circumstances related to each deliverable. Our prices are determined based upon cost to produce our products, expected order quantities and acceptance in the marketplace. In addition, when developing BESPs for products, we may consider other factors as appropriate, including the pricing of competitive alternatives (if they exist) and product-specific business objectives.
We account for multiple element arrangements that primarily consist of software licenses and post contract support (PCS) by recognizing revenue for such arrangements ratably over the term of the PCS as we have not established VSOE for the PCS element.
For the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012, we have not recorded any significant revenues from multiple element or software arrangements.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts Receivable. We provide an allowance for our accounts receivable for estimated losses that may result from our customers’ inability to pay. We determine the amount of the allowance by analyzing known uncollectible accounts, aged receivables, economic conditions, historical losses, and changes in customer payment cycles and our customers’ credit-worthiness. Amounts later determined and specifically identified to be uncollectible are charged or written off against this allowance. To minimize the likelihood of uncollectibility, we review our customers’ credit-worthiness periodically based on credit scores generated by independent credit reporting services, our experience with our customers and the economic condition of our customers’ industries. Material differences may result in the amount and timing of expense for any period if we were to make different judgments or utilize different estimates. If the financial condition of our customers deteriorates resulting in an impairment of their ability to make payments, additional allowances may be required.
Provision for Excess and Obsolete Inventory. Inventories are stated at the lower of cost (first-in, first-out method) or market. We review the components of our inventory and our inventory purchase commitments on a regular basis for excess and

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obsolete inventory based on estimated future usage and sales. Write-downs in inventory value or losses on inventory purchase commitments depend on various items, including factors related to customer demand, economic and competitive conditions, technological advances or new product introductions by us or our customers that vary from our current expectations. Whenever inventory is written down, a new cost basis is established and the inventory is not subsequently written up if market conditions improve.
We believe that, when made, the estimates we use in calculating the inventory provision are reasonable and properly reflect the risk of excess and obsolete inventory. If customer demand for our inventory is substantially less than our estimates, inventory write-downs may be required, which could have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial statements.
Provision for Warranty Costs. We accrue warranty costs based on estimates of future warranty related replacement, repairs or rework of products. Our warranty policy generally provides between one and three years of coverage for products following the date of purchase. Our policy is to accrue the estimated cost of warranty coverage as a component of cost of revenue in the consolidated statements of operations at the time revenue is recognized. In estimating our future warranty obligations we consider various relevant factors, including the historical frequency and volume of claims, and the cost to replace or repair products under warranty. The warranty provision for our products is determined by using a financial model to estimate future warranty costs. Our financial model takes into consideration actual product failure rates; estimated replacement over the contractual warranty period, repair or rework expenses; and potential risks associated with our different products. The risk levels, warranty cost information, and failure rates used within this model are reviewed throughout the year and updated, if and when, these inputs change.
We actively engage in product improvement programs and processes to limit our warranty costs, but our warranty obligation is affected by the complexity of our product, product failure rates and costs incurred to correct those product failures. The industry in which we operate is subject to rapid technological change, and as a result, we periodically introduce newer, more complex products. Depending on the quality of our product design and manufacturing, actual product failure rates or actual warranty costs could be materially greater than our estimates, which could harm our financial condition and results of operations.
Fair value of warrant liability. We evaluate stock options, stock warrants or other contracts to determine if those contracts or embedded components of those contracts qualify as derivative financial instruments to be separately accounted for under the relevant sections of Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 815-40, Derivative Instruments and Hedging: Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity. The result of this accounting treatment could be that the fair value of a financial instrument is classified as a derivative financial instrument and is marked-to-market at each balance sheet date and recorded as an asset or liability. In the event that the fair value is recorded as an asset or liability, the change in fair value is recorded in the statement of operations as other income or other expense. Upon conversion, exercise or expiration of a derivative financial instrument, the instrument is marked to fair value and then that fair value is reclassified to equity.
Litigation. We are currently involved in certain legal proceedings. We will record a loss when we determine information available prior to the issuance of the financial statements indicates the loss is both probable and estimable. Where a liability is probable and there is a range of estimated loss with no best estimate in the range, we record the minimum estimated liability related to the claim. As additional information becomes available, we assess the potential liability related to our pending litigation and revise our estimates, if necessary. Our policy is to expense litigation costs as incurred.
Share-based Compensation Expense. We have stock incentive plans under which stock options and restricted stock units have been granted to employees and non-employee members of our Board of Directors. We also have an employee stock purchase plan for all eligible employees. Share-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, restricted stock units and employee stock purchase rights, are recognized in the financial statements based upon their respective grant date fair values.
We estimate the fair value of stock option awards and stock purchase rights on the date of grant using an option-pricing model. The value of the portion of the award that is ultimately expected to vest is principally recognized as expense ratably over the requisite service periods. We have estimated the fair value of stock options and stock purchase rights as of the date of grant or assumption using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, which was developed for use in estimating the value of traded options that have no vesting restrictions and that are freely transferable. The Black-Scholes model considers, among other factors, the expected life of the award and the expected volatility of our stock price. We evaluate the assumptions used to value stock options and stock purchase rights on a quarterly basis. Although the Black-Scholes model is an acceptable model, the fair values generated by the model may not be indicative of the actual fair values of our equity awards, as it does not consider other factors important to those awards to employees, such as continued employment, periodic vesting requirements and limited transferability.
Compensation cost associated with grants of restricted stock units are measured at fair value, which has historically been the closing price of our stock on the date of the grant.

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Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
Our investment portfolio is maintained in accordance with our investment policy that defines allowable investments, specifies credit quality standards and limits our credit exposure to any single issuer. The fair value of our cash equivalents and marketable debt securities is subject to change as a result of changes in market interest rates and investment risk related to the issuers’ credit worthiness. At December 31, 2014, we had $17.9 million in cash and cash equivalents. Changes in market interest rates would not be expected to have a material impact on the fair value of our $2.1 million in cash equivalents at December 31, 2014, as these consisted of money market funds and certificates of deposit with the value of all of our cash equivalents determined based on “Level 1” and "Level 2" inputs, which consist of quoted prices in active markets for identical assets.
As of December 31, 2014, we do not hold any debt securities nor do we utilize derivative instruments or other financial contracts to manage our exposure to changes in interest rates in our investment portfolio.
Credit Risk
We maintain our cash and cash equivalents and our marketable debt securities, which include various security holdings, types and maturities, with a number of financial institutions. As of the date of this report, we have not identified any significant credit risk associated with any of the financial institutions that maintain our portfolio of cash and cash equivalents and our marketable securities. However, our ability to support our working capital needs depends, in part, on our available cash, cash equivalents, and marketable securities. As a result, any significant decrease in the value of our investments may materially adversely impact our ability to support our working capital needs.
We place our cash investments in instruments that meet credit quality standards specified in our investment policy guidelines at the time the investments are made. At December 31, 2014, we have cash and cash equivalents of $17.9 million, all of which are stated at fair value. Changes in market interest rates would not be expected to have a material impact on the fair value of our $2.1 million in cash equivalents at December 31, 2014, as these consisted of money market funds and certificates of deposit with maturities of less than three months, with the value of all of our cash equivalents determined based on “Level 1” and "Level 2" inputs, which consist of quoted prices in active markets for identical assets.
Money market funds attempt to maintain a net asset value, ("NAV"), of $1 per unit of investment. Should the underlying investments held by these money market funds suffer significant losses to market value due to interest rate changes or perceived counterparty risk, the NAV of these money market funds may suffer declines below the targeted $1 NAV. We hold money market funds that target a balance of investment return and preservation of invested capital through diversified holdings. As such, we do not believe we currently have significant exposure to NAV declines for our money market holdings.
Foreign Currency Exchange Rate Risk
We generate Euro-denominated accounts receivable from sales to customers that are members of the European Union. During the year ended December 31, 2014, Euro-denominated revenue was approximately $133,000 which represents less than 1% of our total net revenues compared to less than 1% in the same period last year. Although we are exposed to market risk arising from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, principally the change in the value of the Euro versus the U.S. Dollar, as Euro-denominated revenue is not considered significant, we did not enter into any foreign exchange contracts during the year ended December 31, 2014. If our net revenues increase in the foreseeable future, we may enter into foreign exchange contracts to mitigate this risk. These forward currency foreign exchange contracts would cover a portion, generally 50% to 80%, but may cover up to 100%, of our Euro-based financial assets.
At December 31, 2014, we had no outstanding forward contracts. During the year ended December 31, 2014, we recorded approximately $2,700 in unrealized foreign currency losses related to our outstanding Euro-denominated accounts receivable balances. Both the unrealized gain on the outstanding forward contracts and the unrealized gains on outstanding Euro-denominated receivables were recorded in other income (expense), net in our consolidated statement of operations.
Assuming a translation of our Euro-denominated revenue for the year ended December 31, 2014 at an average Euro-to-U.S. Dollar exchange rate of $1.33 and a uniform ten percent strengthening or weakening of this exchange rate, we estimate that income before income taxes for the year ended December 31, 2014 would increase or decrease, respectively, by approximately $53,000. This analysis does not give effect to any forward currency foreign exchange contracts that may be used to hedge foreign currency risk.
Actual gains and losses in the future may differ materially from the hypothetical gains and losses discussed above based on fluctuations in interest and foreign currency exchange rates and our actual exposure and hedging transactions.

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Our sales to non-European Union countries are typically denominated in U.S. Dollars. Competitive conditions in the markets in which we operate may limit our ability to increase prices in the event of adverse changes in currency exchange rates. Sales of these products are affected by the value of the U.S. Dollar relative to other currencies, in particular, the Euro. Any long-term strengthening of the U.S. Dollar could depress the demand for these U.S. manufactured products, reduce sales, or cause us to reduce per unit selling prices.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data
The index to our consolidated financial statements and the Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm appears in Part IV of this report.

Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements With Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure
None.
Item 9A. Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in our reports to the SEC is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC's rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial and accounting officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
As required by SEC rules, we carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial and accounting officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures as of December 31, 2014, the end of the period covered by this report. Based on the foregoing, our principal executive officer and principal financial and accounting officer concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of December 31, 2014.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
An evaluation was also performed under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and our principal financial and accounting officer, of any change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our last fiscal quarter and that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting. The evaluation did not identify any change in our internal control over financial reporting that occurred during our latest fiscal quarter and that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.
Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
Our management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f). Our internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of the financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that internal controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with policies and procedures may deteriorate.
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our principal executive officer and principal financial officer, we conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of our internal control over financial reporting based on the framework set forth in by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) (2013 framework) in Internal Control—Integrated Framework. Based on our evaluation under the framework in Internal Control—Integrated Framework, our management concluded that our internal control over financial reporting was effective as of December 31, 2014.
Ernst & Young LLP, the independent registered public accounting firm that audited the consolidated financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, has also audited our internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2014, as stated in their report which is included herein.

Item 9B. Other Information
None

37


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Novatel Wireless, Inc.:

We have audited Novatel Wireless Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2014, based on criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) (the COSO criteria). Novatel Wireless Inc.’s management is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting, and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting included in the accompanying Management’s Annual Report on Internal Control Over Financial Reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on the company’s internal control over financial reporting based on our audit.
We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, assessing the risk that a material weakness exists, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control based on the assessed risk, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.
A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.
Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.
In our opinion, Novatel Wireless, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2014, based on the COSO criteria.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Novatel Wireless, Inc. as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2014, of Novatel Wireless, Inc. and our report dated March 9, 2015 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
San Diego, California
March 9, 2015

 

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PART III
Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance
(a) Identification of Directors. The information under the caption “Election of Directors” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
(b) Identification of Executive Officers. The information under the caption “Executive Officers” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
(c) Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act. The information under the caption “Section 16(a) Beneficial Ownership Reporting Compliance” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
(d) Code of Ethics. We have adopted a Code of Conduct and Ethics which, together with the policies referred to therein, is applicable to all of our directors, officers and employees. The Code of Conduct and Ethics is intended to cover all areas of professional conduct, including conflicts of interest, disclosure obligations, insider trading and confidential information, as well as compliance with all laws, rules and regulations applicable to our business. We encourage all employees, officers and directors to promptly report any violations of any of our policies. The Code of Conduct and Ethics is posted on our website at www.novatelwireless.com in the Investors tab under “Corporate Governance.” In the event that a substantive amendment to, or a waiver from, a provision of the Code of Conduct and Ethics that applies to our principal executive officer or principal financial and accounting officer is necessary, we intend to post such information on our website.
(e) Audit Committee. The information under the caption “The Board, Its Committees and Its Compensation—Audit Committee” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 11. Executive Compensation
The information under the headings “Executive Compensation,” “The Board, Its Committees and Its Compensation—Director Compensation,” “Compensation Discussion and Analysis” and “Compensation Committee Report” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.

Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters
The information under the headings “Security Ownership of Management and Certain Beneficial Owners” and “Equity Compensation Plan Information” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence
The information under the headings “Review and Approval of Transactions with Related Parties” and “The Board, Its Committees and Its Compensation—Director Independence” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.
 
Item 14. Principal Accountant Fees and Services
The information under the heading “Independent Public Accountants” appearing in the Proxy Statement to be filed for the 2015 Annual Meeting of Stockholders is incorporated herein by reference.


39


Table of Contents

PART IV
Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules
(a) 1. Index to consolidated financial statements
See Index to consolidated financial statements on page F-1.
2. Index to financial statement schedules
The following financial statement schedules for the years ended December 31, 2014, 2013, and 2012 should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements, and related notes thereto.
 
Schedule
Page
Schedule II—Valuation and Qualifying Accounts
Schedules not listed above have been omitted because they are not applicable or are not required or the information required to be set forth therein is included in the consolidated financial statements or related notes thereto.
(b) Exhibits
The following Exhibits are filed as part of, or incorporated by reference into this report:
Exhibit
Number
 
Description
 
 
 
2.1
  
Agreement and Plan of Merger, dated as of November 5, 2010, by and between Novatel Wireless, Inc., England Acquisition Corp. and Enfora, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 2.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed on November 10, 2010).
 
 
 
3.1
  
Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2000, filed March 27, 2001).
 
 
 
3.2
  
Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2002, filed November 14, 2002).
 
 
 
3.3
  
Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form 10-K on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2003, filed March 31, 2004).
 
 
 
3.4**
 
Certificate of Amendment to Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation.
 
 
 
3.5
  
Amended and Restated Certificate of Designation of Series A Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.4 to the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form 10-K on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2003, filed March 31, 2004).
 
 
 
3.6
  
Certificate of Designation of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.5 to the Company’s Amendment No. 1 to Form 10-K on Form 10-K/A for the year ended December 31, 2003, filed March 31, 2004).
 
 
 
3.7
 
Certificate of Designation of Series C Convertible Preferred Stock (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 8, 2014).
 
 
 
3.8
  
Second Amended and Restated Bylaws (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed February 19, 2015).
 
 
 
4.1
  
Amended and Restated Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of June 15, 1999, by and among the Company and certain of its stockholders (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-42570), filed July 28, 2000, as amended).
 
 
 
4.2
  
Form of Securities Purchase Agreement entered into in connection with the Company’s 2003 Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Financing (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed March 28, 2003).
 
 
 
4.3
  
Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of March 12, 2003, entered into in connection with the Company’s 2003 Series B Convertible Preferred Stock Financing (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.8 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed March 28, 2003).
 
 
 

40


Table of Contents

Exhibit 
Number
 
Description
 
 
 
4.4
  
Registration Rights Agreement, dated as of January 13, 2004, entered into in connection with the Company’s January 2004 Common Stock and Warrant Financing Transaction (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.21 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2003, filed March 15, 2004).
 
 
 
4.5
 
Stipulation of Settlement, dated January 31, 2014 and effective as of June 20, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2014, filed August 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.6
 
Promissory Note, dated July 3, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2014, filed August 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.7
 
Security Agreement, dated July 3, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2014, filed August 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.8
 
Final Judgment and Order of Dismissal With Prejudice, dated June 23, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.4 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2014, filed August 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.9
 
Order Granting Motion to Amend the Judgment Date, dated July 8, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.5 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2014, filed August 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.10
 
Warrant to Purchase Common Stock issued to HC2 Holdings 2, Inc., dated September 8, 2014 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 8, 2014).
 
 
 
4.11
 
Investors’ Rights Agreement, dated September 8, 2014, by and between Novatel Wireless, Inc. and HC2 Holdings 2, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 8, 2014).
 
 
 
10.1
 
Credit and Security Agreement, dated as of October 31, 2014, by and among Novatel Wireless, Inc. and Enfora, Inc., as Borrowers, and Wells Fargo Bank, National Association, as Lender (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed November 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.2
 
Purchase Agreement, dated September 3, 2014, by and between Novatel Wireless, Inc. and HC2 Holdings 2, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 8, 2014).
 
 
 
10.3
 
Memorandum of Understanding: In re Novatel Wireless Secs. Litig., Civil Action No. 08-CV-01689-AJB (RBB) United States District Court for the Southern District of California, executed December 6, 2013 (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.19 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K, filed March 12, 2014).
 
 
 
10.4
 
Letter Agreement, dated as of April 29, 2014, by and among the Company and each of Cobb H. Sadler, Edward T. Shadek, Robert Ellsworth, Alex Mashinsky, Richard A. Karp, Maguire Financial, LP, a Delaware limited partnership, Maguire Asset Management, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and Timothy Maguire (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.5
 
Confirmation Letter, dated July 3, 2014, by and among the Company and each of Cobb H. Sadler, Edward T. Shadek, Robert Ellsworth, Maguire Financial, LP, a Delaware limited partnership, Maguire Asset Management, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, and Timothy Maguire (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed July 10, 2014).
 
 
 
10.6*
  
Amended and Restated 1997 Employee Stock Option Plan (“1997 Plan”) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 (No. 333-42570), filed July 28, 2000 as amended).
 
 
 
10.7*
  
Amended and Restated Novatel Wireless, Inc. 2000 Stock Incentive Plan (“2000 Plan”) (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2007, filed August 9, 2007).
 
 
 
10.8*
  
Form of Executive Officer Stock Option Agreement under the 2000 Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005, filed March 16, 2006).
 
 
 
10.9*
  
Form of Director Stock Option Agreement under the 2000 Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005, filed March 16, 2006).
 
 
 
10.10*
  
Form of Amendment of Stock Option Agreements, dated July 20, 2006, by and between the Company and Optionee with respect to the 1997 Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2006, filed November 9, 2006).
 
 
 

41


Table of Contents

Exhibit 
Number
 
Description
10.11*
  
Form of Amendment of Stock Option Agreements, dated July 20, 2006, by and between the Company and Optionee with respect to the 2000 Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2006, filed November 9, 2006).
 
 
 
10.12*
  
Form of Amendment of Stock Option Agreements, dated July 20, 2006, by and between the Company and Optionee with respect to the 2000 Plan and grants made pursuant thereto in 2004 and subsequently (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.4 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2006, filed November 9, 2006).
 
 
 
10.13*
  
Amended and Restated Novatel Wireless, Inc. 2000 Employee Stock Purchase Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Company’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A filed May 2, 2011).
 
 
 
10.14*
  
Form of Restricted Share Award Agreement for restricted stock granted to non-employee directors (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.10 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2006, filed August 9, 2006).
 
 
 
10.15*
  
Form of Restricted Share Award Agreement for restricted stock granted to executive officers (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.11 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2006, filed August 9, 2006).
 
 
 
10.16*
 
Form of Indemnification Agreement (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed November 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.17*
  
Form of Change of Control Letter Agreement by and between the Company and certain of its executive officers (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2004, filed August 16, 2004).
 
 
 
10.18*
  
2009 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix A to the Company’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed October 14, 2014).
 
 
 
10.19*
 
2009 Omnibus Incentive Compensation Plan (incorporated by reference to Appendix B to the Company’s Proxy Statement on Schedule 14A, filed April 30, 2013).
 
 
 
10.20*
  
2010 Senior Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 13, 2010).
 
 
 
10.21*
 
2011 Senior Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended June 30, 2011, filed on August 9, 2011).
 
 
 
10.22*
 
2012 Senior Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed July 6, 2012).
 
 
 
10.23*
 
2013 Senior Management Incentive Plan (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company's Current Report on Form 8-K, filed March 22, 2013).
 
 
 
10.24**
 
2014 Retention Bonus Plan.
 
 
 
10.25*
 
Employment Agreement, dated November 2, 2007, by and between Peter V. Leparulo and the Company (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2007, filed November 9, 2007).
 
 
 
10.26*
  
Letter Agreement, dated as of April 29, 2014, by and between the Company and Peter V. Leparulo (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 of the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed May 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.27*
  
Form of Severance Agreement between Novatel Wireless, Inc. and each of Kenneth G. Leddon and Robert M. Hadley (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed August 2, 2010).
 
 
 
10.28*
  
Employment Agreement, dated August 4, 2014, by and between the Company and Alex Mashinsky (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed August 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.29*
 
Offer Letter, dated November 2, 2014, by and between Novatel Wireless, Inc. and Alex Mashinsky (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.3 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed November 6, 2014).
 
 
 
10.30*
 
Offer letter, effective September 2, 2014, by and between the Company and Michael Newman (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 4, 2014).
 
 
 

42


Table of Contents

Exhibit 
Number
 
Description
 
 
 
10.31*
 
Change in Control and Severance Agreement, effective September 2, 2014, by and between the Company and Michael Newman (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K, filed September 4, 2014).
 
 
 
21
  
Subsidiaries of Novatel Wireless, Inc. (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 21 to the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013, filed March 12, 2014).
 
 
 
23.1**
  
Consent of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm.
 
 
 
24**
  
Power of Attorney (See signature page).
 
 
 
31.1**
  
Certification of our Principal Executive Officer adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
31.2**
  
Certification of our Principal Financial Officer adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.1**
  
Certification of Principal Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
32.2**
  
Certification of Principal Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
 
101**
  
The following financial statements and footnotes from the Novatel Wireless, Inc. Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 formatted in eXtensible Business Reporting Language (XBRL): (i) Consolidated Balance Sheets; (ii) Consolidated Statements of Operations; (iii) Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss; (iv) Consolidated Statements of Stockholders’ Equity; (v) Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows; and (vi) the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
 
 
 
*
 
Management contract, compensatory plan or arrangement
 
 
 
**
 
Filed herewith

43


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.
 
Date: March 9, 2015
 
NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
 
 
 
 
 
By
 
/s/    ALEX MASHINSKY      
 
 
 
 
Alex Mashinsky
 
 
 
 
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
POWER OF ATTORNEY
Know all men by these presents, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Alex Mashinsky and Michael Newman, or either of them, as his true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, with full power of substitution, for him and in his name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments to this Annual Report on Form 10-K, and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith as fully to all intents and purposes as he might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or their substitute or substitutes may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this Annual Report on Form 10-K has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
 
Signature
  
Title
 
Date
/s/ ALEX MASHINSKY   
  
Chief Executive Officer
(Principal Executive Officer)
 
March 9, 2015
Alex Mashinsky
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ MICHAEL NEWMAN
  
Chief Financial Officer
(Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)
 
March 9, 2015
Michael Newman
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ PHILIP FALCONE
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
Philip Falcone
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ RUSSELL C. GERNS
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
Russell C. Gerns
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ JAMES LEDWITH
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
James Ledwith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ ROBERT PONS
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
Robert Pons
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ SUE SWENSON
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
Sue Swenson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
/s/ DAVID A. WERNER
  
Director
 
March 9, 2015
David A. Werner
 
 
 
 

44


Table of Contents

INDEX TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
 
 
 

F- 1


Table of Contents

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
The Board of Directors and Stockholders
Novatel Wireless, Inc.
We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Novatel Wireless, Inc. as of December 31, 2014 and 2013, and the related consolidated statements of operations, comprehensive loss, stockholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2014. Our audits also included the financial statement schedule listed in the index at Item 15(a). These financial statements and schedule are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements and schedule based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.
In our opinion, the financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the consolidated financial position of Novatel Wireless, Inc. at December 31, 2014 and 2013, and the consolidated results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2014, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles. Also, in our opinion, the related financial statement schedule, when considered in relation to the basic financial statements taken as a whole, presents fairly in all material respects the information set forth therein.
We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), Novatel Wireless, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2014, based on the criteria established in Internal Control-Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (2013 framework) and our report dated March 9, 2015 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.
/s/ ERNST & YOUNG LLP
San Diego, California
March 9, 2015


F- 2


Table of Contents

NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
As of December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
17,853

 
$
2,911

Marketable securities

 
16,612

Restricted marketable securities

 
2,566

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $217 in 2014 and $2,449 in 2013
24,213

 
39,985

Inventories
37,803

 
27,793

Prepaid expenses and other
7,912

 
5,762

Total current assets
87,781

 
95,629

 
 
 
 
Property and equipment
5,279

 
9,901

Marketable securities

 
3,443

Intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization of $14,050 in 2014 and $12,983 in 2013
1,493

 
2,131

Other assets
467

 
361

Total assets
$
95,020

 
$
111,465

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
34,540

 
$
24,538

Accrued expenses
23,844

 
23,271

Current portion of shareholder litigation

 
4,326

Short-term margin loan facility

 
2,566

Total current liabilities
58,384

 
54,701

 
 
 
 
Revolving credit facility
5,158

 

Other long-term liabilities
932

 
1,848

Non-current portion of shareholder litigation

 
10,000

Total liabilities
64,474

 
66,549

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies

 

 
 
 
 
Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, par value $0.001; 2,000 shares authorized and none outstanding

 

Common stock, par value $0.001; 100,000 shares authorized, 45,742 and 34,097 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively
46

 
34

Additional paid-in capital
466,665

 
441,368

Accumulated other comprehensive income

 
5

Accumulated deficit
(411,165
)
 
(371,491
)
 
55,546

 
69,916

Treasury stock at cost; 2,436 common shares at December 31, 2014 and 2013
(25,000
)
 
(25,000
)
Total stockholders’ equity
30,546

 
44,916

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
95,020

 
$
111,465

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements

F- 3


Table of Contents

NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(in thousands, except per share data)
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Net revenues
$
185,245

 
$
335,053

 
$
344,288

Cost of net revenues
148,198

 
266,759

 
271,845

Gross profit
37,047

 
68,294

 
72,443

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Research and development
34,314

 
48,246

 
60,422

Sales and marketing
13,792

 
20,898

 
27,501

General and administrative
15,402

 
24,179

 
22,668

Goodwill and intangible assets impairment

 

 
49,521

Amortization of purchased intangible assets
562

 
562

 
1,074

Shareholder litigation loss
790

 
14,326

 

Restructuring charges
7,760

 
3,304

 

Total operating costs and expenses
72,620

 
111,515

 
161,186

Operating loss
(35,573
)
 
(43,221
)
 
(88,743
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
 
Change in fair value of warrant liability
(3,280
)
 

 

Interest income (expense), net
(85
)
 
113

 
291

Other expense, net
(167
)
 
(222
)
 
(203
)
Loss before income taxes
(39,105
)
 
(43,330
)
 
(88,655
)
Income tax provision
124

 
83

 
611

Net loss
(39,229
)
 
(43,413
)
 
(89,266
)
Recognition of beneficial conversion feature
(445
)
 

 

Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(39,674
)
 
$
(43,413
)
 
$
(89,266
)
Per share data:
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per share attributable to common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
$
(1.05
)
 
$
(1.28
)
 
$
(2.72
)
Weighted average shares used in computation of basic and diluted net loss per share attributable to common shareholders:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted
37,959

 
33,948

 
32,852





See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


F- 4


Table of Contents

NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(in thousands)
 
 
Year Ended December 31,
 
2014
 
2013
 
2012
Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(39,674
)
 
$
(43,413
)
 
$
(89,266
)
Unrealized gain (loss) on cash equivalents and marketable securities, net of tax
(5
)
 
(9
)
 
22

Total comprehensive loss
$
(39,679
)
 
$
(43,422
)
 
$
(89,244
)





See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements


F- 5


Table of Contents

NOVATEL WIRELESS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(in thousands)
 
 
Common Stock
 
Additional
Paid-in
 
Treasury
 
Accumulated
 
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
 
Total
Stockholders’
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Capital
 
Stock
 
Deficit
 
Income (Loss)
 
Equity
Balance, December 31, 2011
32,262

 
$
32

 
$
429,813

 
$
(25,000
)
 
$
(238,812
)
 
$
(8
)
 
$
166,025

Exercise of stock options, vesting of restricted stock units and shares issued under employee stock purchase plan
1,393

 
2

 
1,597

 

 

 

 
1,599

Taxes withheld on net settled vesting of restricted stock units

 

 
(433
)
 

 

 

 
(433
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
7,500

 

 

 

 
7,500

Net loss

 

 

 

 
(89,266
)
 

 
(89,266
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
22

 
22

Balance, December 31, 2012
33,655

 
34

 
438,477

 
(25,000
)
 
(328,078
)
 
14

 
85,447

Exercise of stock options and vesting of restricted stock units
442

 

 
102

 

 

 

 
102

Taxes withheld on net settled vesting of restricted stock units

 

 
(654
)
 

 

 

 
(654
)
Share-based compensation

 

 
3,443

 

 

 

 
3,443

Net loss

 

 

 

 
(43,413
)
 

 
(43,413
)
Other comprehensive income (loss)

 

 

 

 

 
(9
)
 
(9
)
Balance, December 31, 2013
34,097

 
34

 
441,368

 
(25,000
)
 
(371,491
)
 
5

 
44,916

Exercise of stock options, vesting of restricted stock units and shares issued under employee stock purchase plan
689

 
2

 
246

 

 

 

 
248

Taxes withheld on net settled vesting of restricted stock units

 

 
(1,067
)
 

 

 

 
(1,067
)
Issuance of common shares in connection with litigation settlement
2,407

 
2

 
4,998

 

 

 

 
5,000

Issuance of common shares in connection with financing transaction, net of issuance costs
7,363

 
7

 
7,929